Lingual {Ka-} Of Jereweh Dialect In Sumbawa Language

Burhanuddin Burhanuddin, Sukri Sukri, Suyanu Suyanu

Abstract

This article intends to explain the status of the lingual {ka-} of Jereweh dialect in Sumbawa language. Data collection uses interview and introspection methods (because the author is a speaker and masters the Sumbawa language) by presenting the whole context of unit usage   {ka-}, while the data is analyzed using the intralingual equivalent method. The results of the data analysis showed four unit states in the Sumbawa language. First, status as bound morpheme (affix), for example in kangering ‘cold’, kandatang ‘arrival’, kanepat ‘oversleep’. Second, status as a signatory for meaningful aspects of ‘already’, usually precedes verbs that fill the predicate function in syntactic construction, for example in construction ka datang ‘has come’, ka lalo ‘has gone’, ka mate ‘have died’, and so on. Third, status as a pointer to ‘this’, for example in the ka nya ‘this is it’, kabeka ka ‘why is this’, apa ka ‘what is this’, and so on. Fourth, not as any unit because it is part (syllable) of the basic morpheme elements, for example kamomang ‘floating’, kameler ‘carried by the flow of water’, kamantul ‘stumbles’, etc., because each is not found *momang, *meler, and *mantul in the Sumbawa language Jereweh dialect.

 

Kata kunci: lingual, affix, aspec marker, syllables.

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