EFFECTS OF ANTHROPOGENIC ACTIVITY ON STREAM WATER QUALITY IN LANGSA, ACEH

Helmy Akbar, Iwan Suyatna, Jailani Jailani, Singgih Afifa Putra, Fauziah Azmi

Abstract


Increased human activity towards the water bodies will change the condition of water quality. Case study in Langsa, Aceh, It was found that an increase in Some physical parameter (TSS) that exceeds the value determined in PP 82 of 2001 (Indonesian government standard). The high value of TSS in Station 2 and Station 3 indicates that the sediment loading to the water body is high, especially in Station 3, where the TSS concentrations far exceed the standard. Activity of type C surface mining materials tends to affect the brightness, turbidity, depth and TSS. Water conditions with low pH were also found in this study. In location studied no EPT larvae were found

 

Keyword: Langsa, Water Quality, Stream, Total Suspended Solid, Anthropogenic Activity


Full Text:

PDF

References


Arhonditsis, G., M. Karydis, and G. Tsirtsis. 2003. “Analysis of Phytoplankton Community Structure Using Similarity Indices: A New Methodology for Discriminating among Eutrophication Levels in Coastal Marine Ecosystems.” Environmental Management 31 (5): 619–32. doi:10.1007/s00267-002-2903-4.

Barber-james, Helen M, Jean-luc Gattolliat, Michel Sartori, and Michael D Hubbard. 2008. “Global Diversity of Mayflies ( Ephemeroptera , Insecta ) in Freshwater.” Hydrobiologia 595: 339–50. doi:10.1007/s10750-007-9028-y.

Burger, Joanna, Michael Gochfeld, Charles W. Powers, James H. Clarke, Kevin Brown, David Kosson, Lawrence Niles, Amanda Dey, Christian Jeitner, and Taryn Pittfield. 2013. “Determining Environmental Impacts for Sensitive Species: Using Iconic Species as Bioindicators for Management and Policy.” Journal of Environmental Protection 04 (August): 87–95. doi:10.4236/jep.2013.48A2011.

Carter JL, Resh VH, Hannaford MJ, Myers MJ (2007) Macroinvertebrates As Biotic Indicators Of Environmental Quality. In: Hauer FR, Lamberti GA (eds) Methods in Stream Ecology, 2nd edn. Academic Press, China, pp 805–834

Clifford, Hugh F. 1982. “Life Cycle of Mayflies (Ephemeroptera), with Special Reference to Voltinism.” Questiones Entomologicae 18: 15–90.

Comte, Irina. 2012. Agricultural Practices in Oil Palm Plantations and Their Impact on Hydrological Changes , Nutrient Fluxes and Water Quality in Indonesia : A Review. Advances in Agronomy. 1st ed. Vol. 116. Elsevier Inc. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-394277-7.00003-8.

Comte, Irina, François Colin, Olivier Grünberger, Joann K Whalen, Rudi Harto Widodo, and Jean-pierre Caliman. 2015. “Watershed-Scale Assessment of Oil Palm Cultivation Impact on Water Quality and Nutrient Fluxes : A Case Study in Sumatra ( Indonesia ).” Environmental Science Pollution Research. doi:10.1007/s11356-015-4359-0.

Davis, Stephanie, Stephen W Golladay, George Vellidis, and Catherine M Pringle. 2003. “Impacted by Animal Agriculture.” Journal of Environmental Quality 32: 1036–43.

Dodds, Walter K. 2006. “Nutrients and the ‘ Dead Zone ’: The Link between Nutrient Ratios and Dissolved Oxygen in the Northern Gulf of Mexico In a Nutshell :” Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 4 (4): 211–17.

Gering, J C, T O Crist, and J A Veech. 2003. “Additive Partitioning of Species Diversity across Multiple Spatial Scales: Implications for Regional Conservation of Biodiversity.” Conservation Biology 17 (2): 488–99. doi:10.1046/j.1523-1739.2003.01465.x.

Hamid, Abdul, Suhaila Rawi, Che Salmah, and Salman Abdo Al-shami. 2012. “Temporal Distribution of Ephemeroptera , Plecoptera and Trichoptera ( EPT ) Adults at a Tropical Forest Stream : Response to Seasonal Variations” 32: 28–34. doi:10.1007/s10669-011-9362-5.

Hepp, Luiz Ubiratan, and Sandro Santos. 2008. “Benthic Communities of Streams Related to Different Land Uses in a Hydrographic Basin in Southern Brazil Benthic Communities of Streams Related to Different Land Uses in a Hydrographic Basin in Southern Brazil.” Environmental Monitoring Assessment 157 (April 2016): 305–18. doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0536-7.

https://www.niwa.co.nz/our-science/freshwater/tools/shmak/manual/9habitat. Accessed on 12 October 2017.

Irfan, M, and M Utiyal Huda. 2012. “Pengaruh Alih Fungsi Lahan Hutan Menjadi Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Terhadapsifat Kimia Tanah (.” Jurnal Agroteknologi 3 (1): 29–34.

Juahir, Hafizan, Sharifuddin M. Zain, Mohd Kamil Yusoff, T. I Tengku Hanidza, A. S Mohd Armi, Mohd Ekhwan Toriman, and Mazlin Mokhtar. 2011. “Spatial Water Quality Assessment of Langat River Basin (Malaysia) Using Environmetric Techniques.” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 173: 625–41. doi:10.1007/s10661-010-1411-x.

Lenat D R and Penrose D L. (1996). History of the EPT taxa richness metric. Bulletin North American Benthological Society 12(13): 279–290.

Magurran, Anne E. 2004. “Chapter 2-4.” In Measuring Biological Diversity, 18–130. Carlton, Victoria: Blackwell Publishing.

Morse, John C. 2011. “The Trichoptera World Checklist.” Zoosymposia 5: 372–80.

Rees, Gavin N, Darren S Baldwin, Garth O Watson, Shane Perryman, and Daryl L Nielsen. 2004. “Ordination and Significance Testing of Microbial Community Composition Derived from Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms: Application of Multivariate Statistics.” Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 86: 339–47. doi:10.1007/s10482-004-0498-x.

Spellerberg, Ian F., and Peter J. Fedor. 2003. “A Tribute to Claude-Shannon (1916-2001) and a Plea for More Rigorous Use of Species Richness, Species Diversity and the ‘Shannon-Wiener’ Index.” Global Ecology and Biogeography 12 (3): 177–79. doi:10.1046/j.1466-822X.2003.00015.x.

Susila, Wayan R. 2004. “Contribution of Oil Palm Industry to the Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in Indonesia.” Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 23 (3): 107–14.

Tyagi B, Gakkhar S, Bhargava DS (1999) Mathematical modelling of stream DO-BOD accounting for settleable BOD and periodically varying BOD source. Environ Model Softw 14:461–471. doi: 10.1016/S1364-8152(98)00091-7

Wahizatul, A. A., S. H. Long, and A. Ahmad. 2011. “composition and distribution of aquatic insect communities in relation to water quality in two freshwater streams.” Journal of Sustainability Science and Management 6 (1): 148–55.

Wallace, J. Bruce, and N.H. Anderson. n.d. “Habitat, Life History, and Behavioral Adaptations of Aquatic Insects.” In An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America 3rd Edn., 41–73.

Whitehead, P. G., R. L. Wilby, R. W. Battarbee, M. Kernan, and A. J. Wade. 2009. “A Review of the Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Surface Water Quality.” Hydrological Sciences 54 (1): 101–23. doi:10.1623/hysj.54.1.101.

Wu, J.T. 1984. “Phytoplankton As Bioindicator For Water Quality In Taipei.” Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica 25: 205–12.

Yaap, Betsy, Matthew J. M.J. Struebig, Gary Paoli, L.P. Lian Pin Koh, and Lian Pin Koh. 2010. “Mitigating the Biodiversity Impacts of Oil Palm Development.” CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 5 (019): 1–11. doi:10.1079/PAVSNNR20105019.

Yusop, Z, C H Chan, and A Katimon. 2007. “Runoff Characteristics and Application of HEC-HMS for Modelling Stormflow Hydrograph in an Oil Palm Catchment,” 41–48. doi:10.2166/wst.2007.690.

Zimmerman, Melvin C. 1993. “The Use of the Biotic Index as an Indication of Water Quality.” In Proceedings of the 5th Workshop/Conference of the Association for Biology Laboratory Education (ABLE), 85–98.

Zuloaga, O., A. Prieto, A. Usobiaga, S. K. Sarkar, M. Chatterjee, B. D. Bhattacharya, A. Bhattacharya, Md A. Alam, and K. K. Satpathy. 2009. “Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Intertidal Marine Bivalves of Sunderban Mangrove Wetland, India: An Approach to Bioindicator Species.” Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 201 (1-4): 305–18. doi:10.1007/s11270-008-9946-y.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29303/jbt.v18i2.826

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by

       

        

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.