Effectiveness of Subsurface Flow-Wetlands to Reducing TSS Levels and Stabilizing pH in Tofu Liquid Waste

Endang Srilestari, Anita Munawwaroh

Abstract

Small and medium industries are experiencing growth every year. The home industry of tofu production is one of the small and medium industries that continues to grow and develop. However, there is a problem if the tofu production waste is disposed of directly into the waters, it will cause pollution due to the deposition of organic material. The research objective was to analyze the subsurface flow-wetlands with plants namely water hyacinth, apu wood and lemna minor to reducing TSS levels and stabilizing pH. This research an experimental with treatments including SSF-Wetlands without water plants (A1), SSF-Wetlands with water hyacinth (A2), SSF-Wetlands with apu wood (A3), SSF-Wetlands with lemna minor (A4) and SSF-Wetlands with water hyacinth, and apu wood (A5). The stages of this research are the sampling stage, the SSF-Wetlands manufacturing stage, the waste treatment stage and the pH and TSS testing stages. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA (SPSS 20). The results showed that the liquid waste of tofu in the initial sample was acidic, namely 3.94 and the TSS level was 858 mg / L. The pH condition of the waste after processing by the quality standard.  The highest increase in pH and decrease in TSS levels in the tofu liquid waste treatment was the SSF-Wetland processing with water hyacinth plants (A2). This shows that water hyacinth plants have a greater role in neutralizing pH and can absorb the most suspended matter compared to apu wood and lemna minor plants.

Keywords

Tofu liquid waste; SSF-Wetlands; Aquatic plants; pH; TSS

Full Text:

PDF

References

Afifah, A. S., & Suryawan, I. W. K. (2018). Efektifitas Penambahan Substrat Pada Pengolahan Biologis Limbah Cair Tahu Menggunakan Sistem CSTR. Envirosan, 1(2), 46–51. Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/Fadli/Downloads/Documents/141-379-1-PB.pdf

Ahmad, H., & Adiningsih, R. (2019). Efektivitas Metode Fitoremediasi Menggunakan Tanaman Eceng Gondok Dan Kangkung Air Dalam Menurunkan Kadar Bod the Effectiveness of Phytoremediation Method Using Hyacinth Plant and Ipomoea Aquatica in Reduce Levels of Tss and Bod in Tofu Industry Liquid Wa. Jurnal Farmasetis, 8(2), 31–38. Retrieved from seminar-id.com

Amin, A., Sitorus, S., & Yusuf, B. (2016). Pemanfaatan Limbah Tongkol Jagung (Zea mays) sebagai Arang Aktif dalam Menurunkan Kadar Amonia, Nitrit dan Nitrat pada Limbah Cair Industri Tahu menggunakan Teknik Celup. Jurnal Kimia Mulawarman, 13(2), 78–84.

Azmi, M., Hs, E., & Andrio, D. (2016). Pengolahan Limbah Cair Industri Tahu Menggunakan Tanaman Typha latifolia dengan Metode Constructed Wetland. Jom F TEKNIK, 3(2), 1–5. Retrieved from https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/188004-ID-pengolahan-limbah-cair-industri-tahu-men.pdf

Fachrurozi, M., Utami, L. B., & Suryani, D. (2014). Pengaruh Variasi Biomassa Pistia stratiotes L. terhadap Penurunan kadar BOD, COD, dan TSS Limbah Cair Tahu di Dusun Klero Sleman Yogyakarta. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), 4(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.12928/kesmas.v4i1.1100

Gupta, P., Ann, T. W., & Lee, S. M. (2016). Use of biochar to enhance constructed wetland performance in wastewater reclamation. Environmental Engineering Research, 21(1), 36–44. https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2015.067

Indah, L. S., Soedarsono, P., & Hendrarto, B. (2014). KEMAMPUAN ECENG GONDOK (Eichhornia sp.), KANGKUNG AIR (Ipomea sp.), DAN KAYU APU (Pistia sp.) DALAM MENURUNKAN BAHAN ORGANIK LIMBAH INDUSTRI TAHU (SKALA LABORATORIUM). Management of Aquatic Resources Journal (MAQUARES), 3(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.14710/marj.v3i1.4280

Irmanto, I., & Suyata, S. (2009). Penurunan Kadar Amonia, Nitrit, Dan Nitrat Limbah Cair Industri Tahu Menggunakan Arang Aktif Dari Ampas Kopi. Molekul, 4(2), 105. https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jm.2009.4.2.68

Jessy Adack. (2013). Dampak Pencemaran Limbah Pabrik Tahu Terhadap Lingkungan Hidup. Lex Administratum, 1(3), 78–87. Retrieved from https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/administratum/article/view/3200/2742

Kasman, M., Riyanti, A., Sy, S., & Ridwan, M. (2018). Reduksi pencemar limbah cair industri tahu dengan tumbuhan melati air (Echinodorus palaefolius) dalam sistem kombinasi constructed wetland dan filtrasi. Jurnal Litbang Industri, 8(1), 39. https://doi.org/10.24960/jli.v8i1.3832.39-46

Munawaroh, U., Sutisna, M., & Pharmawati, K. (2013). ] Penyisihan Parameter Pencemar Lingkungan pada Limbah Cair Industri Tahu menggunakan Efektif Mikroorganisme 4 (EM4) serta Pemanfaatannya-1 Penyisihan Parameter Pencemar Lingkungan pada Limbah Cair Industri Tahu menggunakan Efektif Mikroorganisme 4 (EM4) . Reka Lingkungan ©Teknik Lingkungan Itenas |, 1(2), 1–12.

Nindra, D. Y., & Hartini, E. (2015). Efektivitas tanaman teratai (Nympahea firecrest) dan eceng gondok (Eichhornia crassipes) dalam menurunkan kadar biochemical oxygen demand) pada limbah cair industri tahu. VISIKES: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 14(2), 123–130. Retrieved from https://publikasi.dinus.ac.id/index.php/visikes/article/view/1197

Pradana, T. D., Suharno, S., & Apriansyah, A. (2018). Pengolahan Limbah Cair Tahu Untuk Menurunkan Kadar TSS Dan BOD. Jurnal Vokasi Kesehatan, 4(2), 56. https://doi.org/10.30602/jvk.v4i2.9

Rahadian, R., Sutrisno, E., & Sumiyati, S. (2017). Efisiensi Penurunan COD dan TSS Dengan Fitoremidiasi Menggunakan Tanaman Kayu APU ( Pistia stratiotes l. ) Studi Kasus: Limbah Laundry. Teknik Lingkungan, 6(3), 1–8. Retrieved from http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/tlingkungan

Ratnani, R. (2011). Kecepatan Penyerapan Zat Organik Pada Limbah Cair Industri Tahu Dengan Lumpur Aktif. Jurnal Momentum UNWAHAS, 7(2), 113917.

Ratnani, R. D., Hartati, I., & Kurniasari, L. (2010). LAPORAN PENELITIAN TERAPAN PEMANFAATAN ECENG GONDOK (EICHORNIA CRASSIPES) UNTUK MENURUNKAN KANDUNGAN COD(CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMOND), pH, BAU, DAN WARNA PADA LIMBAH CAIR TAHU. Retrieved from https://publikasiilmiah.unwahas.ac.id/index.php/LPPM/article/view/837/950

Riyanti, A., Kasman, M., & Riwan, M. (2019). Efektivitas Penurunan Chemichal Oxygen Demand (COD) dan pH Limbah Cair Industri Tahu dengan Tumbuhan Melati Air melalui Sistem Sub-Surface Flow Wetland. Jurnal Daur Lingkungan, 2(1), 16. https://doi.org/10.33087/daurling.v2i1.19

Rohman, T., Irwan, A., & Rahmi, Z. (2018). PENURUNAN KADAR AMONIAK DAN FOSFAT LIMBAH CAIR TAHU SECARA FOTO KATALITIK MENGGUNAKAN TiO2 DAN H2O2. Jurnal Sains Natural, 8(2), 87. https://doi.org/10.31938/jsn.v8i2.156

Samsudin, W., Selomo, M., & Natsir, M. F. (2018). Pengolahan limbah cair industri tahu menjadi pupuk organik cair dengan penambahan effektive mikroorganisme-4 (EM-4). Jurnal Nasional Ilmu Kesehatan, 1(2), 1–14.

Unisah, S., & Akbari, T. (2020). PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR TAHU DENGAN METODE FITOREMEDIASI TANAMAN AZOLLA MICROPHYLLA PADA INDUSTRI TAHU B KOTA SERANG. Jurnalis, 3(2). Retrieved from http://ejournal.lppm-unbaja.ac.id/index.php/jls/article/view/1093/665

Wahyuningsih (2019). Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian Sekretariat Jenderal Kementerian Pertanian. Buletin Konsumsi Pangan (Vol. 09).

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.