JENIS KUPU-KUPU PENGUNJUNG BUNGA MUSSAENDA DAN ASOKA DI KAWASAN CAGAR ALAM GUNUNG SIBELA PULAU BACAN

Abdu Mas'ud, A.D. Corebima, Ade Haerullah, Said Hasan, Alisi Alisi

Abstract

Abstrak: Musaenda dan Asoka merupakan salah satu tanaman hostplant dan sekaligus foodplant bagi kupu-kupu di Gunung Sibela. Hostplant adalah tumbuhan inang yang menjadi makanan larva dan foodplant adalah tumbuhan yang menjadi makanan kupu-kupu dewasa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis kupu-kupu yang mengunjungi tanaman mussaenda dan asoka di kawasan cagar alam gunung Sibela pulau Bacan. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah direct sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lokasi dataran rendah (20 mdpl) ditemukan 10 spesies kupu-kupu pengunjung tanaman mussaenda dan asoka, 5 genus, 2 famili. Kupu-kupu pengunjung tanaman mussaenda di dataran rendah yaitu: Ornithopthera croesus, Papilio ulysses, Papilio deiphobus, Papilio lorquinianus gelia, Troides hypolitus, Troides criton, Graphium milon, Graphium codrus dan Hebomoia glaucippe sulphure. Kupu-kupu pengunjung tanaman asoka di dataran rendah yaitu: Ornithopthera croesus, Papilio ulysses, Papilio fuscus lapathus dan Troides hypolitus. Pada lokasi dataran tinggi (400 mdpl) ditemukan 9 spesies kupu-kupu pengunjung tanaman mussaenda dan asoka, 5 genus, 2 famili. Kupu-kupu pengunjung tanaman mussaenda di dataran tinggi yaitu: Ornithopthera croesus, Papilio ulysses, Papilio deiphobus, Papilio lorquinianus gelia, Troides hypolitus, Troides criton, Graphium milon, dan Hebomoia glaucippe sulphurea, sedangkan kupu-kupu pengunjung tanaman asoka di dataran tinggi yaitu: Papilio ulysses, Papilio fuscus lapathus dan Troides hypolitus.

Kata Kunci: mussaenda, asoka, kupu-kupu, pulau Bacan

Abstract : Musaenda and Asoka are one of the hostplant plants and also a foodplant for butterflies on Mount Sibela. Hostplants are host plants that feed on larvae and foodplants are plants that feed on adult butterflies. This study aims to determine the types of butterflies that visit mussaenda and asoka plants in the Sibela mountain nature reserve Bacan Island. The method used in this study is direct sampling. The results showed that in lowland locations (20 masl) 10 species of butterfly were found to be visitors to mussaenda and asoka plants, 5 genera, 2 families. Butterflies visitors to mussaenda plants in the lowlands are: Ornithopthera croesus, Papilio ulysses, Papilio deiphobus, Papilio lorquinianus gelia, Troides hypolitus, Troides criton, Graphium milon, Graphium codrus and Hebomoia glaucippe sulphure. Butterflies visitors to Ashoka plants in the lowlands are: Ornithoptera croesus, Papilio ulysses, Papilio fuscus lapathus and Troides hypolitus. At high altitude locations (400 meters above sea level), 9 species of butterflies were visited by visitors to the mussaenda and asoka plants, 5 genera, 2 families. Butterflies visiting mussaenda plants in the highlands are: Ornithopthera croesus, Papilio ulysses, Papilio deiphobus, Papilio lorquinianus gelia, Troides hypolitus, Troides criton, Graphium milon, and Hebomoia glaucippe sulphurea, while butterflies visiting asoka plants on the plateau are: Papilio ulysses, Papilio fuscus lapathus and Troides hypolitus.

Keywords: mussaenda, asoka, butterfly, Bacan island

Keywords

mussaenda, asoka, kupu-kupu, pulau Bacan

Full Text:

PDF

References

Boonvanno, K., Watanasit, S. & Permkam, S. (2000). Butterfly Diversity at Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary, Songkhla Province, Southern Thailand. Science Asia, 26(2000); 105-110|doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2000.26.105

Dendang, B. (2009). Keragaman Kupu-Kupu di Resort Selabintana Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 6(1), 25-36.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.20886/jphka.2009

Fitzgerald, T. D. & Costa, J. T. (1999). Collective behavior in social caterpillars. In Information processing in social insects (pp.379-400). Birkhauser, Basel.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-0348-8739-7_20

Gombert, L. L., Hamilton, H. L. & Coe, M. (2005). Butterfly Gardening. Tenessee: University of Tenessee Extension.

https://extension.tennessee.edu/publications/documents/PB1636.pdf

Leather, S. R. (Ed.). (2008). Insect sampling in forest ecosystems. John Wiley & Sons, pp; 185. ISBN: 978-0-632-05388-9.

https://www.wiley.com/en-us-p-9780632053889

Magurran, AE. (1988). Ecological Divercity and Its Measuretment. Princeton Univercity Press. Pp: 179. ISBN: 9780691084916.

https://press.princeton.edu/titles/4238.html

Mas’ud, A., Hasan, S. & Abdullah, A. (2016). Keanekaragaman kupu-kupu family Papilionidae di Berbagai Ketinggian Tempat di Kawasan Cagar Alam Gunung Sibela. Prosiding Seminar Nasional VI Biodiveritas Jurusan Biologi. FMIPA. Universitas Airlangga. ISBN: 978-979-98109-5-3

http://biologi.fst.unair.ac.id/proceedings/

Peggie, Dj. (2011). Precious and Protected (Indonesian Butterlies). Kupu-kupu Indonesia yang Bernilai dan Dilindungi. Diterbitkan oleh; PT Binamitra Megawarna, Jakarta, Indonesia; ISBN: 978-979-15217-4-1.

Schoonhoven, S., Jery L.M.T. & Von Loon J.J.A. (1998). Insect Plant Biology. From Physiology to Evolution 1st Ed. Campman & Hall. Cambridge. ISBN: 0412587009.

https://trove.nla.gov.au/version/45451272

Schoonhoven, L. M., Van Loon, B., van Loon, J. J. & Dicke, M. (2005). Insect-plant biology. Oxford University Press on Demand.

Scoble, M.J. (1992). The Lepidoptera Form, Function and Diversity. Oxford: The Natural History Museum In Association With Oxford University Press. ISBN-13: 978-0198540311.

https://www.amazon.com/dp/0198540310

Sedgley, M. & Griffin A.R. (1989). Sexual Reproduction of Tree Crops. Academic Pr. London.

https://www.elsevier.com/books/sedgley/978-0-12-634470-7

Shalihah, A., Pamula, G., Cindy, R., Rizkawati, W. & Anwar Z.I. (2012). Kupu-Kupu Di Kampus Universitas Padjajaran Jatinangor. HMDP UNPAD.

Indriani, Y., Ginoga, L. N. & Masy'ud, B. (2016). Keanekaragaman Jenis Kupu-Kupu di Beberapa Tipe Habitat di Pondok Ambung Taman Nasional Tanjung Puting Kalimantan Tengah. Media Konservasi, 15(1).

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.29243/medkon.

Sodiq, M. (2009). Ketahanan tanaman terhadap hama. Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran”, Jawa Timur. Pp.79. ISBN: 978-979-3100-53-1. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/12215567.pdf

Wallace, A.R. (1869). The Malay Archipelago. Foreword 1987, by Lioyd Fernando. Printed in Singapore. 479: 257-258

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.