Identifikasi Karakter Morfologi dan Sensoris Kultivar Mangga (Mangifera Indica L.) di Kecamatan Langsa Lama, Aceh, Indonesia

Marina Br Sembiring, Dira Rahmi, Mia Maulina, Vidia Tari, Rahmayanti Rahmayanti, Adi Bejo Suwardi

Abstract

Abstrak: Mangga (Mangifera indica L.) menjadi salah satu buah yang disukai dan memiliki banyak kultivar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi karakter morfologi dan sensoris kultivar mangga di kecamatan Langsa Lama, Aceh, Indonesia. Penelitian dilaksanakan di 5 desa, yaitu di desa Meurandeh, Sidodadi, Sidorejo, Meurandeh Teungoh, dan Asam Peutek, Kecamatan Langsa Lama, Kota Langsa, Aceh pada bulan Januari - Maret 2020. Pengumpulan data lapangan dilakukan dengan mengamati kultivar mangga yang dibudidayakan penduduk di kebun dan pekarangan rumah.  Seratus orang panelis dari 5 desa (20 orang setiap desa) dipilih secara acak untuk menilai kualitas warna, rasa, dan aroma dari buah mangga yang ditemukan. Sebanyak 5 kultivar mangga ditemukan pada lokasi penelitian, yaitu mangga arumanis, mangga apel, mangga golek dan mangga madu. Mangga tersebut memiliki karakter morfologi yang berbeda. Mangga Arumanis menjadi jenis kultivar mangga yang paling disukai berdasarkan atribut rasa, aroma, tekstur dan warna.

Kata Kunci: Kultivar; sensoris; rasa; Langsa Lama;

Abstract: Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is one of the most preferred fruit and has many cultivars. This study aims to identify the morphological and sensory character of mango cultivars in the Langsa Lama district, Aceh, Indonesia. The study was conducted between January and March 2020 in five villages, namely Meurandeh, Sidodadi, Sidorejo, Meurandeh Teungoh, and Asam Peutek, Langsa Lama District, Kota Langsa, Aceh. A field study was conducted by observing mango cultivars cultivated in the home garden and farmland. One hundred panelists from five villages (20 people from each village) were randomly selected to assess the taste, colour, and aroma of the mangoes. A total of five mango cultivars were identified at the study site, namely Arumanis, Apple, Golek, and Madu. These mangoes have different morphological characteristics. Arumanis is the most preferred product based on the taste, aroma, texture, and colour.

Keywords: cultivar; sensory; taste; Langsa Lama;

 

Keywords

Kultivar; sensoris; rasa; Langsa Lama

Full Text:

PDF

References

Arifiyah, N., Purwanto, Y. A. & Budiastra, I. W. (2015). Analisis perubahan kualitas pascapanen pepaya varietas IPB9 pada umur petik yang berbeda. Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian, 3(1). https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtep/article/view/9677

BPS Kota Langsa (2019). Kota Langsa dalam angka 2019. Kota Langsa: Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Langsa. ISBN: 2541-4895

Candole, A. D. (1984). Origin of Cultivated Plant. London: Vegal Paul Trench and Co.

Colaric M., Veberic, R., Štampar, F. & Hudina, M. (2005). Evaluation of peach and nectarine fruit quality and correlations between sensory and chemical attributes. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 85(15), 2611-2616. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2316

Desrosier, N. W. (1988). Teknologi pengawetan pangan. Penerjemah M. Muljohardjo. UI-Press, Jakarta. http://library.um.ac.id/free-contents/download/book/booksearch.php/rosie.pdf

Escribano S., Sanchez, F. J. & Lazaro, A. (2010). Establishment of a sensory characterization protocol for melon (Cucumis melo L.) and its correlation with physical-chemical attributes: indications for future genetic improvements. EurFood Research Technology, 231(4), 611-621. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-010-1313-8

Fitmawati, Hartana, A. & Purwoko, B. S. (2010). Diversity of Indonesian mango (mangifera indica) cultivars based on morphological and RAPD markers. SABRAO: Journal of Breeding and Genetics, 42(2), 84-95. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/286759087_Diversity_of_indonesian_mango_mangifera_indica_cultivars_based_on_morphological_and_RAPD_markers

Gadze, J., Prlic, M., Bulic, M., Leko, M., Barbaric, M., Vego, D. & Raguz. M. (2011). Physical and chemical characteristics and sensory evaluation of pomegranate fruit of (Punica granatum L.) cv. ”Glavas”. Pomologia Croatica 17: 87-97. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284662405_Physical_and_chemical_characteristics_and_sensory_evaluation_of_pomegranate_fruit_of_Punica_granatum_L_cv_Glavas

Hadayani, D. Deliana, Y. & Nalawidjaja, R. S. (2016). Faktor dominan dari preferensi konsumen dalam pemilihan jenis mangga (mangifera indica): suatu kasus di Supermarket di Bandung. Jurnal Agrikultura, 27(2):94-101. https://doi.org/10.24198/agrikultura.v27i2.9989

Kanisius (2000). Penanganan dan pengolahan buah mangga. Yogyakarta. Gramedia. ISBN: 979672636X, 9789796726363

Navia, Z. I., Suwardi, A. B. & Saputri, A. (2017). Penelusuran ragam jenis tanaman buah pekarangan sebagai sumber nutrisi bagi masyarakat di Kota Langsa, Aceh. In Dalam: Agustien, A., Syaifullah, Pitopang, RP, Nurainas, Ilyas, S. & Kurniawan, R.(editor) Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biodiversitas dan Ekologi Tropika Indonesia Ke-4 dan Kongres Penggalang Taksonomi Tumbuhan Indonesia Ke-12. Padang (pp. 15-17). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324137183_PENELUSURAN_RAGAM_JENIS_TANAMAN_BUAH_PEKARANGAN_SEBAGAI_SUMBER_NUTRISI_BAGI_MASYARAKAT_DI_KOTA_LANGSA_ACEH

Navia, Z. I., Suwardi, A. B. & Saputri, A. (2019). Karakterisasi Tanaman Buah Lokal di Kawasan Ekosistem Leuser Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang, Aceh. Buletin Plasma Nutfah, 25(2), 57-66. https://doi.org/10.21082/blpn.v25n2.2019.p57-66

Oktavianto, Y., Sunaryo, S. & Suryanto, A. (2015). Karakterisasi tanaman mangga (mangifera indica l.) Cantek, Ireng, Empok, Jempol di Desa Tiron, Kecamatan Banyakan Kabupaten Kediri. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 3(2): 91 – 97. http://download.garuda.ristekdikti.go.id/article.php?article=314266&val=6473&title=KARAKTERISASI%20TANAMAN%20MANGGA%20(Mangifera%20Indica%20L.)%20CANTEK,%20IRENG,%20EMPOK,%20JEMPOL%20DI%20DESA%20TIRON,%20KECAMATAN%20BANYAKAN%20KABUPATEN%20KEDIRI

Oksilia, O. (2018). Hubungan karakteristik fisik dan kimia beberapa jenis buah mangga (mangifera indica l) terhadap penerimaan konsumen. Jurnal Agrium Unimal. 15(1): 51-58. https://doi.org/10.29103/agrium.v15i1.689

Pracaya (2011). Bertanam mangga. Penebar Sawadaya. Jakarta. ISBN: 978-979-002-781-7

Saludung, J. (2018). Pengembangan Dan Penerapan Model Berbagai Jenis Makanan Kue Berbasis Local Dan Ecopreneurship. Makasar.

Sumiasri, N., Jitno, R. & Doddy, P. (2006). The species and cultivars of mango in Madiun and its surroundings; the development and its problems. Biodiversitas, Journal of Biological Diversity, 7(1), 39-43. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d070111

Suwardi, A.B., Indriaty & Navia, Z.I. (2018). Nutritional Evaluation of Some Wild Edible Tuberous Plants as an Alternative Foods. Innovare Journal Of Food Sci 6(2), 9-12. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328381307_NUTRITIONAL_EVALUATION_OF_SOME_WILD_EDIBLE_TUBEROUS_PLANTS_AS_AN_ALTERNATIVE_FOODS

Suwardi, A. B., Navia, Z. I., Harmawan, T., Syamsuardi & Mukhtar, E. (2019a). The Diversity of Wild Edible Fruit Plants And Traditional Knowledge In West Aceh Region, Indonesia. Jurnal Of Medicinal Plants, 7(4), 285-290. http://www.plantsjournal.com/archives/?year=2019&vol=7&issue=4∂=D&ArticleId=1040

Suwardi, A. B., Navia, Z. I., Harmawan, T., Syamsuardi & Mukhtar, E. (2019b). Sensory Evaluation of Mangoes Grown in Aceh Tamiang District, Aceh, Indonesia. Advances in Ecological and Environmental Research 4 (3), 79-85. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332104711_Sensory_Evaluation_of_Mangoes_Grown_in_Aceh_Tamiang_District_Aceh_Indonesia

Suwardi, A.B., Navia, Z.I., H armawan, T., Syamsuardi & Mukhtar, E. (2020a). Ethnobotany and conservation of indigenous edible fruit plants in South Aceh, Indonesia. BIODIVERSITAS, 21 (5), 1850-1860. https://smujo.id/biodiv/article/view/4810

Suwardi, A. B., Navia, Z. I., Harmawan, T., Nuraini, Syamsuardi & Mukhtar, E. (2020b). Ethnobotany, nutritional composition and sensory evaluation of Garcinia from Aceh, Indonesia. Materials Science and Engineering 725 (1): 012064). https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/725/1/012064

Widjaja, E. A., Rahayuningsih, Y., Rahajoe, J. S., Ubaidah, R., Maryanto, I., Waluyo, E. B. & Semiadi, G. (Eds). (2014). Kekinian keanekaragaman hayati Indonesia, 2014. Jakarta: LIPI Press. ISBN: 978-979-799-801-1

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.