Utilization of plants as food source from Sebaju village forest, Nanga Kebebu village, Nanga Pinoh District, Melawi Regency

Farah Diba, Muhammad Sholihin, Nurhaida Nurhaida

Abstract

Forests has a role in supporting food security programs. Sebaju Village Forest, Nanga Kebebu Village, Nanga Pinoh District, Melawi Regency is a village forest area that has the potential of non-timber forest product, one of which is that there are many plants that can be used as food for daily living needs. The research objective was to explore local knowledge of the community and to make an inventory of the types of plants used as food by the communities around the Sebaju village forest, Nanga Kebebu village, Melawi regency, as well ass to describe how to uses and process plants that are used as food by the community. The research method was purposive sampling and data collection was carried out by in-depth interviews with the community in Nanga Kebebu village. The data were analyzed descriptive qualitative in order to obtain a systematic and accurate picture. The results found 58 plant species consisting of 31 families, these plants were dominated by the Anacardiaceae family (8 species). Arecaceae and Moraceae (5 species), Sapindaceae, Phyllanthaceae, Myrtaceae, and Fabaceae (3 species), while one other family each has 1-2 species. The most dominant plant habitats were trees with 40 species (68.96%), 8 types of herbs (13.79%), 4 types of shrubs (6.89%) and the least were lianas and 3 types of shrubs. (5.17%). The part of the plant that was used the most was the fruit, namely 44 species (75.38%), 8 types of leaves (13.79%), while the parts of the plant that were least used were 2 types of tubers (3.45%), 2 types tubers (3.45%), 1 flower (1.72%), 1 seed (1.72%). The largest group of foodstuffs is fruit as much as 40 types (67%), 12 types of vegetables (20%), while the lowest is 3 types of drinks (5%), 3 types of spices (5%), and 2 tubers type (3%). The most widely used food crop processing method is directly used 33 types (56.90%), 10 types of boiled (17.24%), 6 types of sauteed (10.34%) and 5 types of chili sauce (8.62%), Meanwhile, the least used processing methods were 2 types of frying (3.45%) and 2 types of drying (3.45%). Based on their growth status, the highest growth was in the wild, consist of 34 species (59%), and the lowest was cultivated by 24 species (41%) that grew in the Sebaju customary forest area, Nanga Kebebu Village, Nanga Pinoh District, Melawi Regency. Sebaju village forest has high biodiversity as food plant and local knowledge of te community in the use of plants in the forest area makes conservation efforst better because the community strives to be able to make a sustainable management of food from forest.

 

Keywords

Ethnobotany; Food From Forest; Melawi Regency; Sebaju village forest; West Kalimantan Province

Full Text:

PDF

References

Birgantoro BA & Nurrochmat DR (2007) Pemanfaatan sumberdaya hutan oleh masyarakat di KPH Banyuwangi utara. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 13(3):172-181

http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/2852

Dasman Y, Oramahi HA & Sisillia L (2015) Tumbuhan sumber pangan yang dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat sekitar hutan tembawang Desa Nanga Kompi Kecamatan Nanga Sayan Kabupaten Melawi. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, 3(2): 332 – 336. https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jmfkh/article/view/10876

Dhakal B, Bigsby H, and Cullen R. (2011). Forests for Food Security and Livelihood Sustainability: Policy Problems and Opportunities for Small Farmers in Nepal. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 35:86–115

DOI: 10.1080/10440046.2011.530903

Deb D. (2017). Food and Nutrition from Forest: Relationships with Forest Ecological Status and Management System. Living Farms Press. India 65 pp. https://www.rosalux.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Food_and_Nutrition_from_Forest-_Relationships_with_Forest_Ecological_Status_and_Management_System_public.pdf

Gupta A & Mishra DK (2014). Food consumption pattern in rural India: a regional perspective. Journal of Economic & Social Development 9(1): 1-16.

http://iesd.org.in/jesd/Journal%20pdf/2014-X-1%20Food%20Consumption.pdf

Ickowitz, A., Rowland, D., Powell, B., Salim, M.A. & Sunderland, T. (2016) Forests, trees, and micronutrient-rich food consumption in Indonesia. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0154139.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154139

Irawan R, Oramahi HA, & Hardiansyah G. (2020) Pemanfaatan tumbuhan sebagai bahan pangan di sekitar kawasan hutan Desa Sedahan Jaya Kecamatan Sukadana Kabupaten Kayong Utara. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, 8(3): 552–565

https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jmfkh/article/view/41730

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jhl.v8i3.41730

Juliana, Linda R, Mukarlina. (2013) Pemanfaatan tumbuhan yang berpotensi sebagai sumber pangan di Gunung Peramas Desa Pangkalan Buton Kecamatan Sukadana Kabupaten Kayong Utara. Jurnal Protobiont, 2(3):117-121

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/protobiont.v2i3.3877

Krishnakumar J, Fox J & Anitha V (2012) Non-timber forest products: livelihoods and conservation. Economic and Political Weekly XLVII (52): 132-139

https://www.epw.in/journal/2012/52/special-articles/non-timber-forest-products.html

Liza, Oramahi HA, & Sisillia L (2020). Jenis tumbuhan yang dimanfaatkan sebagai sumber pangan oleh masyarakat Jawai Laut Kecamatan Jawai Selatan Kabupaten Sambas, Jurnal Hutan Lestari 8(2): 315-324 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jhl.v8i2.40052

Nurhidayah Y, Lovadi I, & Linda R (2015) Tumbuhan berpotensi bahan pangan di Desa Sebangun Kecamatan Sebawi Kabupaten Sambas. Jurnal Protobiont, 4(1):151-159

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/protobiont.v4i1.9684

Nurchayati N & Ardiyansyah F (2019) Pengetahuan lokal tanaman pangan dan pemanfaatannya pada masyarakat Suku Using Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology 07(1): 11-20

https://biotropika.ub.ac.id/index.php/biotropika/article/view/494

Nurhajijah, Linda R, Mukarlina (2017) Pemanfaatan tumbuhan pangan oleh suku Dayak Kanayatn di Kecamatan Ngabang Kabupaten Landak. Jurnal Protobiont, 6(3):8-17

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/protobiont.v6i2.20796

Pandey AK, Tripathi YC & Kumar A (2016) Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) for sustained livelihoods: challenges and strategies. Research Journal of Forestry 10: 1-7. DOI: 10.3923/rjf.2016.1.7

Putri NH, Raksun A & Mertha IG. (2018). Identifikasi tumbuhan paku sejati (Filicophyta) di kawasan hutan wisata Aik Nyet sebagai sumber belajar biologi. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 18 (1): 104-108

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29303/jbt.v18i1.734

Powell B, Maundu P, Kuhnlein HV & Johns T. (2013) Wild foods from farm and forest in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 52(6), 451–478

https://doi.org/10.1080/03670244.2013.768122

Powell B, Thilsted SH, Ickowitz A, Termote C, Sunderland TCH & Herforth A. (2015) Improving diets with wild and cultivated biodiversity from across the landscape. Food Security 7: 535–554. Food Sec. DOI 10.1007/s12571-015-0466-5

Pradityo T (2016) Etnobotani di kebun tembawang suku Dayak Iban Desa Sungai Mawang Kalimantan barat. Jurnal Media Konservasi, 21(2):183-198.

https://doi.org/10.29244/medkon.21.2.183-198

Rahman K, Wardenaar E, Mariani Y (2019) Identifikasi jenis pemanfaatan tumbuhan obat di hutan tembawang oleh masyarakat Kelurahan Beringin Kecamatan Kapuas Kabupaten Sanggau. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, 7(1): 44-45

https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jmfkh/article/view/30996

Rowland D, Ickowitzi A, Powell B, Nasi R & Sunderland T (2016) Forest foods and healthy diets: quantifying the contributions. Environmental Conservation 1- 13

DOI: 10.1017/S0376892916000151

Sugiyono (2013). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung. Penerbit Alfabeta. 464 pp

http://cvalfabeta.com/product/metode-penelitian-kuantitatif-kualitatif-dan-rd-mpkk/

Suhanda AJ, Idham M, & Anwari MS (2017). Studi etnobotani masyarakat Desa Raut Muara Kecamatan Sekayam Kabupaten Sanggau. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, 5(2): 183-190

https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jmfkh/article/view/19087

Sumarlin D, Dirhamsyah M & Ardian H (2019). Identifikasi tumbuhan sumber pangan di hutan tembawang Desa Aur Sampuk Kecamatan Sengah Temila Kabupaten Landak. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, 4(1): 32-39

https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jmfkh/article/view/14481

Sunarti S, Rugayah & Djarwaningsih T. (2007) Tumbuhan berpotensi bahan pangan di daerah Cagar Alam Tengkale. Jurnal Biodiversitas, 8(2): 88-91

https://biodiversitas.mipa.uns.ac.id/D/D0802/D080202.pdf

Sunderland T, Powell B, Ickowitz A, Foli S, Vasquez MP, Nasi R, & Padoch C. (2013). Food security and nutrition: The role of forests. CIFOR Press. Bogor. Indonesia. 11pp

https://www.cifor.org/publications/pdf_files/WPapers/DPSunderland1301.pdf

Toni P, Herawatiningsih R, & Sisillia L (2017) Analisis vegetasi tumbuhan penghasil buah-buahan dalam kawasan tembawang Dusun Toho Raba Desa Rasan Kecamatan Ngabang Kabupaten Landak Jurnal Tengkawang, 7(1): 19-27

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jt.v7i1.22775

Vinceti B, Terte C, Ickowitz A, Powell B, Kehlenbeck K, & Hunter D. (2013). The Contribution of Forests and Trees to Sustainable Diets. Sustainability 5:4797-4824, DOI: 10.3390/su5114797

Vira B, Wildburger C, & Mansourian S. (2015). Forests and Food: Addressing Hunger and Nutrition Across Sustainable Landscapes. Cambridge UK. Open Book Publishers. 275pp http://dx.doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0085

Wahyuni S, Manurung FT & Kartikawati SM (2017) Identifikasi pohon penghasil buah pada kawasan hutan lindung Gunung Pemancing-Gunung Ambawang Bukit Bendera Kecamatan Teluk Pakedai Kabupaten Kubu Raya. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, 5(2): 225-233

https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jmfkh/article/view/19106

Wiwik S, Kartikawati SM & Anwari MS. (2019) Pemanfaatan bahan pangan masyarakat Desa Goa Boma Kecamatan Monterado Kabupaten Bengkayang. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, (1): 532-540

https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jmfkh/article/view/32389

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.