THE CONTRIBUTION OF CIBODAS BOTANIC GARDEN AS AN EX-SITU CONSERVATION SITE FOR TROPICAL MOUNTAINOUS PLANTS: THE LAST DECADE

Imawan Wahyu Hidayat, Neneng Ine Kurnita, Dimas Ardiyanto

Abstract

Abstract: The threats to the plant biodiversity become more advance along with rapid degradation of the natural habitat. Plants preservation needs accompaniment between in-situ and ex-situ conservation altogether. The ex-situ plant conservation plays more important roles in order to help conserve threatened plant species. Cibodas Botanic Garden (CBG) is a government institution which has the main assignment on ex-situ plant conservation, especially tropical mountainous plants. In the last decade, CBG has conducted exploration and plants collection in order to retrieve them from the destructive pressures in their habitat. This study aimed to asses the CBG’s contribution to ex-situ plant conservation through the addition number of planted plants and to describe the important value to conservation. The study conducted through a quantitative descriptive method, based on data inventory of the newly planted plant in the garden from 2008 to 2018. This also assessed the increasing collection of each year and descriptively explaining the background data, species variety, and their conservation status. The results described that the additional number was 473 specimens and the average increase was 43 specimens per-year. These originated from exploration and plants collection 248 specimens, donation 217 specimens, self-propagation seven specimens, and one specimen from seeds exchange. The most planted was Nepenthaceae with 84 specimens, secondly Phillantaceae with 21 specimens, and Lauraceae 15 specimens. There were 116 species (152 specimens) which have conservation status. These expected to be a comprehensive description of the CBG’s plant collection and meaningful for the conservation efforts in general.

Keywords: ex-situ plant conservation; garden collection; Cibodas Botanic Garden (CBG)

Keywords

ex-situ plant conservation; garden collection; Cibodas Botanic Garden (CBG)

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abd-El-Khair, H., El-Nagdi, W.M.A., Youssef, M.M.A., Abd-Elgawad, M.M.M., & Dawood, M.G. (2019). Protective effect of Bacillus subtilis, B. pumilus, and Pseudomonas fluorescens isolates against root knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita on cowpea. Bulletin of the National Research Centre (2019) 43: 64. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1186/s42269-019-0108-8

[BGCI] Botanic Gardens Conservation International. (2012). International Agenda for Botanic Gardens in Conservation (2nd Ed.). Richmond. Botanic Gardens Conservation International, 48 pp. ISBN: 978-1-905164-45-5

Bradi, N.C., & Well, R.R. (2014). Nature and Properties of Soils (14th Ed.). New Jersey. Pearson, 980 pp. ISBN: 978-0132279383

Braverman, I. (2014). Conservation without nature: the trouble with in situ versus ex situ conservation. Geoforum 51: 47-57. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2013.09.018

Broadhurst, L.M., Lowe, A., Coates, D.J., Cunningham, S.A., McDonald, M., Vesk, P.A., & Yates, C. (2008). Seed supply for broadscale restoration: maximizing evolutionary potential. Evolutionary Applications 1 (4): 587–597. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-4571.2008.00045.x

Brummer, E.C., Barber, W.T., Collier, S.M., Cox, T.S., Johnson, R., Murray, S.C., Olsen, R.T., Pratt, R.C., & Thro, A.M. (2011). Plant breeding for harmony between agriculture and the environment. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9 (10): 561-568. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1890/100225

Cheek, M., & Jebb, M. (2009). Nepenthes group Montanae (Nepenthaceae) in Indo-China,with N. thai and N. bokor described as new. Kew Bulletin 64 (2): 319–325. Accessed from https://www. jstor.org/stable/20649658

Davis, K. (2008). A CBD manual for botanic gardens. Richmond. Botanic Gardens Conservation International, 36 pp. ISBN: 978-1-905164-29-5

Ellison, A.M., & Gotelli, N.J. (2009). Energetics and the evolution of carnivorous plants –Darwin’s ‘most wonderful plants in the world’. Journal of Experimental Botany 60 (1): 19–42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ern179

Goettsch, B., Hilton-Taylor, C., Cruz-Piñón, G., Duffy, J.P., Fances, A., Hernandez, H.M., ... Gaston, K.J. (2015). High proportion of cactus species threatened with extinction. Nature Plants 1(2015): 15142. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nplants.2015.142

Hartmann, H.T., Kester, D.E., Davies Jr., F.T., & Geneve, R.L. (2010). Hartmann & Kester's Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices (8th Ed.). New Jersey. Pearson, 928 pp. ISBN: 978-0135014493

Haryati, B.Z., & Siampa, M. (2018). Respon Anggrek Hitam (Coelogyne pandurata) Hasil Perbanyakan Kultur Jaringan Terhadap Berbagai Media Tanam. AgroSainT UKI Toraja 9 (1): 25-30. Accessed from http://journals.ukitoraja.ac.id/index.php/agro/article/view/568/452

Havens, K., Vitt, P., Maunder, M., Guerrant Jr., E.O., & Dixon, K. (2006). Ex Situ Plant Conservation and Beyond. BioScience 56 (6): 525-531. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2006)56[525:ESPCAB]2.0.CO;2

Havens, K., Kramer, A.T., & Guerrant Jr., E.O. (2014). Getting plant conservation right (or not): the case of the United States. International Journal of Plant Sciences 175 (1): 3-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/674103

[IUCN] International Union for the Conservation of Nature. (2019). The IUCN Red List of Threathened Species. Accessed from: https://www.iucnredlist.org/

Ketua Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. Surat Keputusan Ketua LIPI No. 23/Kep/D.5/87, tanggal 17 Januari 1987 tentang Organisasi dan Tata Kerja Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. Jakarta.

Laumonier, Y., Uryu, Y., Stuwe, M., Budiman, A., Setiabudi, B. & Hadian, O. (2010). Eco-floristic sectors and deforestation threats in Sumatra: identifying new conservation area network priorities for ecosystem-based land use planning. Biodiversity and Conservation 19 (4): 1153–1174. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-010-9784-2

Mann, P. (2007). Drosera gibsonii (Droseraceae), a new pygmy Drosera from south-west western Australia. Nuytsia 16 (2): 321–323. Accessed from https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/nuytsia/article/466

Maschinski, J., & Albrecht, M.A. (2017). Center for Plant Conservation's Best Practice Guidelines for the reintroduction of rare plants. Plant Diversity 39 (2017): 390-395. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pld.2017.09.006

Maunder, M., Culham, A., Bordeu, A., Allanguillame, J., & Wilkinson, M.J. (1999). Genetic diversity and pedigree for Sophora toromiro (Leguminosae): A tree extinct in the wild. Molecular Ecology 8 (5): 725–738. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294X.1999.00609.x

Menges, E.S., Guerrant Jr., E.O., & Hamzé, S. (2004). Effects of seed collection on the extinction risk of perennial plants. In Guerrant Jr., E.O., Havens, K., & Maunder, M. (Eds.), Ex Situ Plant Conservation: Supporting Species Survival in the Wild (pp: 305–324). Washington (DC). Island Press., 536 pp. ISBN: 9781559638753

Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan RI. Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Nomor P.106/MENLHK/SETJEN/ KUM.1/12/2018 tentang Jenis Tumbuhan dan Satwa yang Dilindungi. Berita Negara RI Tahun 2019 Nomor 32. Direktorat Jenderal Peraturan Perundang-Undangan Kementerian Hukum dan HAM RI. Jakarta.

Neale, D.B. & Kremer, A. (2011). Forest tree genomics: growing resources and applications. Nature Reviews Genetics 12 (2): 111–122. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nrg2931

Noel, F., Prati, D., van Kleunen, M., Gygax, A., Moser, D., & Fische, M. (2011). Establishment success of 25 rare wetland species introduced into restored habitats is best predicted by ecological distance to source habitats. Biological Conservation 144 (1): 602-609. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.11.001

Presiden Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 7 Tahun 1999 tentang Pengawetan Jenis Tumbuhan dan Satwa. Lembaran Negara RI Tahun 1999 Nomor 14. Sekretariat Negara. Jakarta.

Registration Unit-CBG. 2018a. Monthly reports of plants collection richness of CBG of 2018. Cianjur. Cibodas Botanic Garden. [Indonesian] [Unpublished]

Registration Unit-CBG. 2018b. Annual reports of microclimates of CBG from 2012 to 2018: Form D10. Cianjur. Cibodas Botanic Garden. [Indonesian] [Unpublished]

Richards, C.M., Antolin, M.F., Reilley, A., Poole, J., & Walters, C. (2007). Capturing genetic diversity of wild populations for ex-situ conservation: Texas wild rice (Zizania texana) as a model. Genetic Resource and Crop Evolution 54 (4): 837–848. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-006-9167-4

Sari, A.P., Listiawati, A., & Anggorowati, D. (2018). Pengaruh Jenis Media Tanam Terhadap Pertumbuhan Anggrek Paphiopedilum hookerae pada Fase Remaja. Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian 7 (3): 1-8. Accessed from http://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jspp/article/view/26569

Tanksley, S.D., & Mccouch, S.R. (1997). Seed banks and molecular maps: Unlocking genetic potential from the wild. Science 277 (5329): 1063–1066. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5329.1063

Widyatmoko, D., Suryana, N., Suhatman, A., & Rustandi (Eds.). (2010). List of Living Plants Collection Cultivated in Cibodas Botanic Gardens. Cianjur. Cibodas Botanic Gardens, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, 131 pp. ISBN: 978-979-99448-5-6

van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (2006). The Mountain Flora of Java (2nd Ed.). Leiden. E.J. Brill, 240 pp. ISBN: 978-90-04-15347 -9

Vitt, P., Havens, K., Kramer, A.T., Sollenberger, D., & Yates, E. (2010). Assisted migration of plants: changes in latitudes, changes in attitudes. Biological Conservation 143 (1): 18–27. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2009.08.015

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.