Selection of Peanut Skin as a Growing Medium for Moon Orchid (Phalaenopsis amabilis)

Nur Rokhimah Hanik, Sri Harsono, Anwari Adi Nugroho

Abstract

Ferns are a planting medium that is commonly used in Phalaenopsis cultivation, but the growing demand for fern will increase the selling price and the availability of fern is limited. So a solution is needed to reduce the maintenance and maintenance costs by utilizing peanut shells as a growth medium. The purpose of this study is: 1. To determine the effect of peanut skin media on the growth of Phalaenopsis amabilis month orchid 2. To find out better which influence between fern media, fern media plus peanut skins, or peanut skin media on orchid growth month of Phalaenopsis amabilis. When the research began in May 2019 until October 2019. The research object was in the form of a 4-5 month-old orchid, the research location in the Biology Laboratory of the Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangun Nusantara University, Sukoharjo. Simple randomized study design with three treatments. Treatment A by giving fern media, treatment B by giving fern media mixed with peanut skin, and treatment C by giving peanut skin media. The research variables are the number of leaves, leaf length, leaf area, number of roots and root length measured once a week for 8 weeks. Data analysis with 2. Variance Test (Anova or Kruskal Wallis test) 3. Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) or Moods Median Test. From the results of the study it was found that all observed growth variables (number of leaves, leaf width, leaf length, leaf area, number of roots, average root length, and wet weight) were treated with fern, mixed (Fern and peanut shell) media, and media of peanut skin, there was no significant difference in the effect on the growth of the month orchid. Which means that the three types of media both have an influence on the growth of Phalaenopsis amabilis month orchids. media ferns and peanut shells have their advantages and disadvantages of each. So it can be concluded that, 1. The use of peanut skin media can affect the growth of Phalaenopsis amabilis month orchids. 2. Media fern, a mixture of fern media and peanut skins, and peanut skin media can provide the same effect on the growth of Phalaenopsis amabilis month orchids. From the results of the study it can be recommended that peanut skins can be used as a medium or a mixture of growing media of Phalaenopsis amabilis orchids.

Keywords

peanut skin media; growth; and orchid Phalaenopsis amabilis;

Full Text:

PDF

References

Andalasari, Tri Dewi, Yafisham & Nuraini (2014). Respon Pertumbuhan Anggrek Dendrobium Terhadap Jenis Media Tanam Dan Pupuk Daun. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan 14 (1): 76-82…… ISSN 1410-5020. URL.https://jurnal.polinela.ac.id/index.php/JPPT/article/viewFile/145/115.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25181/jppt.v14i1.145

Anwar Hidayat (2014). Statistikian .Penjelasan dan Teori Uji Kruskal Wallis H. https://www.statistikian.com/2014/07/uji-kruskall-wallish.html#:~:text=Uji%20 Kruskal%20Wallis% pada 20 Maret 2019.

Dahlan & Darmansyah (2011). Pemanfaatan Kulit Kacang Tanah Sebagai Pupuk Organik Pada Kacang Tanah. Jurnal Agrisistem, Desember 7 No. 2 Issn 1858-4330. Sekolah Tinggi Penyuluhan Pertanian (STPP) Gowa 2BP4K Kab. Pangkep. http://ejournal.polbangtan-gowa.ac.id/index.php/J-Agr DOI:File:///E:/Pemanfaatan_Kulit_Kacang_Tanah_Sebagai_P.Pdf

Hanum, Siti Fatimah, Hendriyani, Erma & Kurniawan, Agung (2014). Daerah Penyebaran, Populasi Dan Habitat Paku Pohon (Cyathea Spp. Dan Dicksonia Spp.) Di Bali

Indonesia Forest Rehabilitation Journal, 2. (2), September 2014: 111-122

URL: Http://Ejournal.FordaMof.Org/Ejournal Litbang/Index.Php/IFRJ/

Iga Noviarti, Mulyati & Lince Meriko (2015). Efektifitas Bokashi Kulit Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogea L.) Terhadap Produksi Tanaman Buncis ( Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan (Stkip) Pgri Sumatera Barat Padang. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa.STKIP PGRI. Sumatra Barat. DOI: http://jim.stkip-pgri-sumbar.ac.id/jurnal/view/nPAj

Irdhawati, Alling Andini & Made Arsa (2016) Daya Serap Kulit Kacang Tanah Teraktivasi Asam Basa Dalam Menyerap Ion Fosfat Secara Bath Dengan Metode Bath. Journal Kimia Riset, 1 (1): 52 - 57 ISSN: 2528-0422 DOI:http://id.portalgaruda.org/index.php?ref=browse&mod= viewarticle&article=467325

Kartana & Alam Syarif Nizar (2017). Uji Berbagai Media Tanam Dalam Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan Bibit Anggrek Bulan Yang Berasal Dari Alam. Jurnal Publikasi Informasi Pertania. 13 (24): 20-26. URL. http://jurnal.unka.ac.id/index.php/piper/article/view/72/163

Nalluri, N. & Vasavi Rama Karri (2018). Use of groundnut shell compost as a natural fertilizer for the cultivation of vegetable plants. International Journal of advance research Science and engineering, 7(01). issn: 2319. 8354. URL. www.ijarse.com DOI:https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Vaavi_Rama_Karri/publication/322643458_Use of_groundnut_shell_compost_as_a_natural_fertilizer_for_the_cultivation_of_vegetable_plants

Nastiti Siswi Indrasti & Rio Reyno Elia (2004). Sumber: Pengembangan Media Tumbuh Anggrek Dengan Menggunakan Kompos. : Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian. 14 (2). DOI: https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnaltin/article/view/4389

Nisrina (2013). Meneliti kulit Kacang Tanah Nisrina Ciptakan 3 Produk. Tempo.Co. Sabtu 6 Juli 2013 DOI: https://tekno.tempo.co/read/493994/meneliti-kulit-kacang-nisrina-ciptakan-3produk/full&view=ok

Nur Rokhimah Hanik (2007). Pengaruh Variasi Media dan Pemberian Start Vitamin B1 Terhadap Pertumbuhan Anggrek bulan Phalaenopsis amabilis. Thesis. Agronomi UNS Surakarta.

Parnata, A.Y. (2005). Panduan Budidaya dan Perawatan Anggrek. Cetakan Pertama. PT. Agromedia Pustaka. Jakarta. Hlm. 131

Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup Dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Nomor P.92/Menlhk/ Setjen/Kum.1/8/2018)

Rina, D. (2015). Manfaat Unsur N, P dan K bagi Tanaman. BPTP Kaltim. Badan Litbang Pertanian. Kementrian –Pertanian. Republik Indosenia. DOI:http://kaltim.litbang.pertanian.go.id/ind/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=707:manfaat-unsur-n-p-dan-k-bagi tanaman

Salisbury F. B and Ross C. W. 1995. Fisiologi Tumbuhan 2 (Terjemahan). Hlm. 173

Sandra A. Aziz, Krisantini, Winarso D. Widodo & Aris Munandar Sti. (2019). 173 p. Pemanfaatan Sekam, Serbuk Gergaji, Kulit Kayu Dan Kulit Kacang Tanah Sebagai Media Tumbuh Tanaman Dalam Wadah.. Buletin Agr. Vol. XXI (1):17-26 DOI: https://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/35984

Setiawan, H & Setiawan, L. (2004). Merawat Phalaenopsis. Jakarta. Penebar Swadaya. Hlm. 72

Setiawan, H. (2005). Usaha Pembesaran Anggrek. Cetakan 4. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta. Hlm. 88.

Sitompul, S. M & Guritno, Bambang (1995). Analisis Pertumbuhan Tanaman.Yogyakarta. Gadjah Mada University Press. Hlm. 407.

Trivedi, Nikhilesh S., .Kharkar, Rhushikesh A. & Mandavgane Sachin A. (2019). 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid adsorption on adsorbent prepared from groundnut shell: Effect of preparation conditions on equilibrium adsorption capacity. Arabian Journal of Chemistry 12 (8): 4541-4549. DOI: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/ arabian-journal-of-chemistry/vol/12/issue/8

www. tanindo. com/abdi 18/ hal 3001. Htm. .Bunga Potong Anggrek. Diakses pada hari Sabtu 20 April 2019.

www. ornamentaliocri. org. Fisiologi Hasil Dan Biokimia. Diakses pada hari Sabtu 20 April 2019

Widiastoety, Dyah (2004). Bertanam Anggrek. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta. Hlm.76

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.