Diet and Behavior of Macaca fascicularis for Ecotourism Contributing on Pengsong Area

M. Yamin, Dadi Setiadi, Khairuddin Khairuddin

Abstract

Mount Pengsong is a mountainous ecotourism area with beautiful natural scenery and interesting biodiversity, including the presence of Macaca fascicularis populations. Type of food Macaca fascicularis in the tourist area of Mount Pengsong is not yet known, including it’s carrying capacity for population numbers. This study aims to determine the types of plants eaten and the types of food provided by visitors as well as the nutritional content of food consumed by monkeys in the area and the behavior of Macaca fascicularis as a management basis to support ecotourism in Mount Pengsong.  Data were collected using the "broad survey and line transect" method in the morning, afternoon and evening. Food data taken includes sources of food, drink, weather, temperature, humidity, humidity, altitude from sea level, and human activities around. The Macaca  fascicularis behavior data studied were daily activities, time to eat, play, rest, breed, population structure, population disturbance, social patterns (solitary / pair / group) and home range. The result is a monkey diet in the form of plants available around the tourist area as many as 23 species, 5 types of animals, 10 types of plants produced in agricultural areas and nine Types of food provided by visitors. Nutritional needs and elements can be fulfilled from available food sources and it will be more perfect by obtaining other food sources provided by visitors. Macaca fascicularis consumes a lot of plant species and is very dependent on the availability of food in its environment, the food given by visitors is liked by monkeys and provides good nutritional value. The population of Macaca fascicularis in the tourist area of Mount Pengsong was 83 individuals, 83 of whom were recorded from 9 (± 11%) adult males, 29 (± 35%) adult females and 45 (± 54%) juveniles and children. Daily activities of Macaca fascicularis were recorded as moving (35%), grooming (25%), playing (15%), inactive (10%), eating (6.8%), agonistic (3.6%), sleeping (2.3%), mating (0.9 %), and have a voice (0.8%).

Keywords

Behavior; Ecotourim; Habitat; Macaca fascicularis

Full Text:

PDF

References

Aurelia, M., Kosmaryandi, N., & Amanah, S. (2020). Potensi Ekowisata Berbasis Masyarakat Kampung Urug, Sukajaya, Bogor. Media Konservasi, 25(1), 1-9.

Awalia, H. (2017). Komodifikasi Pariwisata Halal NTB dalam Promosi Destinasi Wisata Islami di Indonesia. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 1(1), 19-30.

Bambang Supriadi, S. E., & Roedjinandari, N. (2017). Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Destinasi Pariwisata. Universitas Negeri Malang.

Daniar, M. S. (2016). Potensi Alam dan Kepariwisataan Kepulauan Karimunjawa Jepara Provinsi Jawa Tengah sebagai Medan Pengembangan Olahraga Rekreasi (Doctoral dissertation, UNS (Sebelas Maret University).

Departemen Kehutanan, BKSA. (2008). Hasil survei permasalahan gangguan kawasan konservasi Taman NasionalLore Lindu. Departemen Kehutanan, Kantor Wilayah Propinsi Sualwesi Tengah.

Departemen Kehutanan, Sub BKSA. (1995). Hasil survei permasalahan gangguan kawasan konservasi Taman Buru Pulau Moyo.Sub BKSDA Departemen Kehutanan, Kantor Wilayah Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat.

Direktorat Jenderal Kehutanan, Direktorat Perlindungan dan Pengawetan Alam, (1988). Desain Pengelolaan dan Pengembangan Suaka Margasatwa Bali Barat. Laporan Penelitian Fakultas Kehutanan IPB Kerjasama dengan Direktorat Perlindungan dan Pengawetan Alam Departemen Kehutanan.

Febriyanti, D. Y., & Kiroh, H. J. (2019). Kajian Kualitas Habitat dan Tingkat Kepadatan Monyet Hitam Sulawesi (Macaca nigra) Di Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan Konservasi (Kphk) Tangkoko Sulawesi Utara. Agri- Sosioekonomi, 15(1), 65-70.

Graf, A. B. (1992). Hortica. A color cyclopedia of garden flora in all climates and indoor plants. First edition. Roehrs Company, U.S.A.

Haris, M., Soekmadi, R., & Arifin, H. S. (2017). Potensi daya tarik ekowisata suaka margasatwa bukit Batu kabupaten bengkalis provinsi riau. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan, 14(1), 39-56.

Krebs CJ. (1978). EcologyThe Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Ambundance.New York: Harper and Row Publication.

Magurran, A. E. (1988). Ecologycal Diversity and Its Measurement. Chapman & Hall, London.

Mangunjaya, F. (2015). Mempertahankan Keseimbangan: Perubahan Iklim, Keanekaragaman Hayati, Pembangunan Berkelanjutan, dan Etika Agama. Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Mardalis, A., & Wijaya, R. P. (2016). Pengelolaan Daya Tarik Wisata Alam Berdasarkan Kepuasan dan Keinginan Wisatawan.

Maryadi (1993). Fauna sebagai daya tarik wisatawan dan sumber devisa. Makalah dalam lokakarya teknologi konservasi fauna. Direktorat Teknologi Pemukiman dan Lingkungan Hidup, BPP Teknologi, Jakarta.

Muller-Dombois, D. & H. Ellenberg (1974). Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Odum, E. P. (1971). Fundamentals of ecology. W. B.Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Purnomo, H., Sulistyantara, B., & Gunawan, A. (2013). Peluang usaha ekowisata di kawasan cagar alam Pulau Sempu, Jawa Timur. Jurnal penelitian sosial dan ekonomi kehutanan, 10(4), 247-263.

Santosa, Y., Siregar, J. P., Rinaldi, D., & Rahman, D. A. (2012). Faktor–Faktor Penentu Keberhasilan Pelepasliaran Orangutan Sumatera (Pongo Abelii) di Taman Nasional Bukit Tigapuluh. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 17(3), 186-191.

Setiadi, D & M. Yamin (2006). Diet Monyet (MacacaSp) di Daerah Wisata Pengsong: Strategi Dasar Pengembangan Ekowisata dan Konservasi. Laporan Penelitian BOPTN Universitas Mataram (Belum dipublikasi).

Setiadi, D. & Bachri, S. (1998) Analisa Diet Monyet (Macacasp) di Daerah Wisata Pusuk dan Kuta Lombok. Oryza. IV.15:59-66.

Supriatna, J. (2018). Konservasi Biodiversitas: Teori dan Praktik di Indonesia. Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Syah, F. (2017). Strategi Mengembangkan Desa Wisata. Proceeding SENDI_U. Retrieved from https://www.unisbank.ac.id/ojs/index.php/sendi_u/article/view/5048

Utama, I. G. B. R. (2017). Pemasaran Pariwisata. Penerbit Andi. https://books.google.co.id/books hal. 37.

Winarti, I. (2011). Habitat, Populasi, Dan Sebaran Kukang Jawa (Nycticebus Javanicus Geoffroy 1812) Di Talun Tasikmalaya dan Ciamis. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Indah_Winarti/publication/225280125.

Yuniarti, E., Soekmadi, R., Arifin, H. S., & Noorachmat, B. P. (2018). Analisis Potensi Ekowisata Heart of Borneo Di Taman Nasional Betung Kerihun Dan Danau Sentarum Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu. Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, 8(1), 44-54.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.