The Effect of Adding Iodine to the Feed to Increase Growth and Survival Rate of Carp Seeds (Cyprinus carpio)

Ayu Nirmaniar Fadliani, Ayu Adhita Damayanti, Ibadur Rahman

Abstract

One of the factors that greatly influence the successful growth of cultivated fish is feed. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of iodine addition on the growth and survival rate of carp (Cyprinus carpio) seeds. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) method with 4 treatments and 3 replications. 10 fish per unit each, with treatment P0 (feed without adding iodine), P1 (feed + iodine at a dose of 10 mg / kg), P2 (feed + iodine at a dose of 20 mg / kg), P3 (feed + iodine at a dose of 30 mg / kg). The results showed that there was no significant effect (p> 0.05) on the growth rate, feed conversion and survival rate of goldfish. So it can be concluded that the addition of iodine in feed supplementation up to a dose of 30 mg / kg does not have a significant effect on the growth rate of length and absolute weight, feed conversion, survival rate and iodine content in the body of goldfish (Cyprinus carpio). The best recommended dose of iodine for growth is 20 mg / kg of feed, although the results were not significantly different for growth. However, it can have an effect on the iodine content in the body of goldfish.

Keywords

iodine; growth; survival rate; Cyprinus carpio

Full Text:

PDF

References

Agustono, A., & Lamid, M. (2013). Pengaruh Pemberian Pakan Beryodium terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kandungan Yodium Benih Ikan Mas (Cyprinus carpio)[Effect Of Iodized Feeding On The Growth And Content Of Iodine In Carpfish Seed (Cyprinus carpio)]. Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan, 5(1), 93-98. https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JIPK/article/view/11431/6473

Alminiah, A. (2015). Pengendalian ektoparasit pada benih ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio L.) dengan penambahan garam dapur (NaCl) di Balai Benih Perikanan Plalangan Kalisat Kabupaten Jember. https://repository.unej.ac.id/handle/123456789/65676

Azmat, R., Talat, R., & Junaid Mahmood, S. (2008). Distribution of Iodine in Marine and Fresh Water Fishes from Sindh Regions of Pakistan. JApSc, 8(9), 1790-1792. https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008JApSc...8.1790A/abstract

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). (2005). Opinion of the Scientific Panel on additives and products or substances used in animal feed (FEEDAP) on the use of iodine in feedingstuffs. EFSA Journal, 3(2), 168. https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.2903/j.efsa.2005.168

Fajri, M. A., Adelina, A., & Aryani, N. (2015). Penambahan Probiotik dalam Pakan terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Efisiensi Pakan Benih Ikan Baung (Hemibagrus Nemurus) (Doctoral dissertation, Riau University). https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/200311-penambahan-probiotik-dalam-pakan-terhada.pdf

Gunanti, I. R., Suhardjo, S., Kusharto, C. M., Rimbawan, R., & Wirjatmadi, B. (1999). Kandungan Iodium pada Beberapa Bahan Makanan di Daerah Pantai Endemik dan Non-endemik. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan, 3(1), 21033. https://www.neliti.com/publications/21033/kandungan-iodium-pada-beberapa-bahan-makanan-di-daerah-pantai-endemik-dan-non-en

Manurung, S., & Basuki, F. (2017). PENGARUH LAMA PERENDAMAN HORMON TIROKSIN TERHADAP DAYA TETAS TELUR, PERTUMBUHAN, DAN KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP LARVA IKAN MAS KOKI (Carassius auratus). Journal of Aquaculture Management and Technology, 6(4), 202-211. https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/jamt/article/view/20563

Putri, F. S., Hasan, Z., & Haetami, K. (2012). Pengaruh Pemberian Bakteri Probiotik Pada Pelet Yang Mengandung Kaliandra (calliandracalothyrsus) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Benihikan Nila (Oreochromis Niloticus). Jurnal Perikanan Kelautan, 3(4). http://jurnal.unpad.ac.id/jpk/article/view/2572

Rudiyanti, S., & Dana, A. (2009). Pertumbuhan dan survival rate ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio Linn) pada berbagai konsentrasi pestisida regent 0, 3 g. Saintek Perikanan, 5(1), 49-54. http://eprints.undip.ac.id/18959/

Salmin, O. T. (2005). dan Kebutuhan Oksigen Biologi (BOD) Sebagai Salah Satu Indikator Untuk Menentukan Kualitas Perairan. Pusat Penelitian Oseanogafi-Lipi, Jakarta.

Syafar, L. A., Mahasri, G., Rantam, F. A. (2017). Blood Description, Parasite Infestation and SurvivalRate of Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Which Is Exposed By Spore Protein Myxobolus koi On Rearing Pond As Immunostimulan Material. Jurnal Biosains Pascasarjana 19(2). http://garuda.ristekbrin.go.id/documents/detail/1734322

Syawal, H., Kusumorini, N., Manalu, W., & Affandi, R. (2012). Respons fisiologis dan hematologis ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio) pada suhu media pemeliharaan yang berbeda. Iktiol. Indonesia, 12(1), 1-11. http://iktiologi-indonesia.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/JII_12_1_01.pdf

Wang, J., Dong, X., Shao, Y., Guo, H., Pan, L., Hui, W., ... & Zhang, W. (2017). Genome adaptive evolution of Lactobacillus casei under long-term antibiotic selection pressures. BMC genomics, 18(1), 320. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12864-017-3710-x

Widiastuti, I. M. (2009). Pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup (survival rate) ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio) yang dipelihara dalam wadah terkontrol dengan padat penebaran yang berbeda. Media Litbang Sulteng, 2(2).

Wulandari, C. (2012). Pengaruh Pemberian Pakan Beryodium Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Kandungan Yodium Benih Ikan Mas (Cyprinus carpio). SKRIPSI. Program Studi Budidaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Airlangga.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.