Ethnobotany of medicinal plants and traditional rituals community of Sembalun Village, East Lombok

Hidayani Hidayani, Gito Hadiprayitno, Kusmiyati Kusmiyati, Jono Irawan

Abstract

The used of plant species by the community is an inseparable unit in everyday life. The plants used by the community in Sembalun Village for medicines and traditional rituals has been attached and is a hereditary tradition. Community knowledge about the use of plants for medicines and traditional rituals has not been well documented. The purpose of this study was to determine the species of medicinal plants and traditional rituals, as well as to find out the parts of plants used by the community in Sembalun Village. This type of research is descriptive qualitative through direct observation and interviews were conducted on 33 respondents using descriptive methods and purposive sampling observation techniques. The results showed that 58 species of medicinal plants from 30 families and 5 species of plants for traditional rituals from 5 families were used by the people of Sembalun Village. These medicinal plant species are believed to cure 28 types of diseases and are used in the traditional rituals of Sembe, Ngeayu-ayu, Bebije Tawar, and the use of Soyot (Sapindus rarak) in washing traditional Bale Lokak clothes. The most widely used plant parts were leaves as many as 21 species and the least used were seeds and flowers as many as 1 plant species.

Keywords

Ethnobotany, medicinal plants, traditional rituals, Sembalun Village

Full Text:

PDF

References

Suryanto, S. (2018). Pemanfaatan Riset Biodiversitas Dalam Pendidikan Biologi Dan Pembentukan Karakter Peduli Lingkungandi Era Teknologi 4.0. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biotik, 5 (1): 1-7.

Noviar, D. (2016). Pengembangan Ensiklopedi Biologi Mobile Berbasis Android dalam Rangka Implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Cakrawala Pendidikan, (2): 198-207.

Qamariah, N., Evi, M., & Nurmila, D. (2018). Inventarisasi Tumbuhan Obat di Desa Pelangsian Kecamatan Mentawa Baru Ketapang Kabupaten Kota Waringin Timur. Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, 1 (1): 1-10.

Falah, F., Sayektiningsih, T., & Noorcahyati, N. (2013). Keragaman jenis dan pemanfaatan tumbuhan berkhasiat obat oleh masyarakat sekitar Hutan Lindung Gunung Beratus, Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 10(1), 1-18.

Armanda, F. (2018). Identifikasi Tanaman Obat Di Kecamatan Talang Kelapa Dan Pemanfaatan Serta Sumbangsihnya Pada Mata Pelajaran Biologi. Bioilmi: Jurnal Pendidikan, 4(2), 72-81.

Yusro, F., Erianto, E., Hardiansyah, G., Mariani, Y., Aripin, A., Hendarto, H., & Nurdwiansyah, D. (2021). Inventarisasi Tumbuhan Berkhasiat Obat di Hutan Kantuk Desa Paoh Benua Kabupaten Sintang. Jurnal Pijar Mipa, 16(2), 267-275.

Utami, R. D., Zuhud, E. A., & Hikmat, A. (2019). Medicinal Ethnobotany and Potential of Medicine Plants of Anak Rawa Ethnic at The Penyengat Village Sungai Apit Siak Riau. Media Konservasi, 24(1), 40-51.

Sembiring, B. B., & Manoi, F. (2011). Identifikasi mutu tanaman Ashitaba.

Baba, H., Ohtsuka, Y., Haruna, H., Lee, T., Nagata, S., Maeda, M., ... & Shimizu, T. (2009). Studies of anti‐inflammatory effects of Rooibos tea in rats. Pediatrics International, 51(5), 700-704.

Hanum, N. A, Ismalayani, & Maryam, S. 2012. Uji Efek Bahan Kumur Air Rebusan

Daun Sirih (Piper betle L) terhadap Pertumbuhan Plak. Jurnal Kesehatan 1(10) : 1 – 6.

Hariana, A. (2008). Tumbuhan Obat dan Khasiatnya, Seri 2. Jakarta : Penebar

Swadaya.

Candra, L. M. M., Andayani, Y., & Wirasisya, D. G. (2021). Pengaruh Metode Ekstraksi Terhadap Kandungan Fenolik Total dan Flavonoid Total Pada Ekstrak Etanol Buncis (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Jurnal Pijar Mipa, 16(3), 397-405.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2018). Kecamatan Sembalun Dalam Angka 2018. Lombok Timur:Published.

Riffani, A, S. (2016). Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Pangan dan Obat Oleh Masyarakat Desa Sembalun Bumbung di Sekitar Taman Nasional Gunung Rinjani (Skripsi). Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Zaman, M., Saggar, S., Blennerhassett, J. D., & Singh, J. (2009). Effect of urease and nitrification inhibitors on N transformation, gaseous emissions of ammonia and nitrous oxide, pasture yield and N uptake in grazed pasture system. Soil biology and biochemistry, 41(6), 1270-1280.

Katiyar, C., Gupta, A., Kanjilal, S., & Katiyar, S. (2012). Drug discovery from plant sources: An integrated approach. Ayu, 33(1), 10.

Kusmana, C., & Hikmat, A. (2015). Keanekaragaman hayati flora di Indonesia. Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), 5(2), 187-187.

Oktafiani, R. (2018). Etnobotani tumbuhan obat pada masyarakat Desa Rahtawu di lereng Gunung Muria Kudus: sebagai sumber belajar mata kuliah Biologi tumbuhan obat berbentuk majalah (Doctoral dissertation, UIN Walisongo Semarang).

Iskandar, J. (2017). Etnobiologi dan keragaman budaya di indonesia. Umbara, 1(1).

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.