Tobacco extract-based biopesticide from cigarette butt waste for corn plants (Zea mays L.)

Authors

Nurhidayah Nurhidayah , Taufik Abdullah , Hijriati Sholehah , Fairuz Safhira

DOI:

10.29303/jpm.v17i6.4256

Published:

2022-11-30

Issue:

Vol. 17 No. 6 (2022): November 2022

Keywords:

Cigarette Butt Waste, Bio-Pesticide, Corn Plant

Articles

Downloads

How to Cite

Nurhidayah, N., Abdullah, T., Sholehah, H., & Safhira, F. . (2022). Tobacco extract-based biopesticide from cigarette butt waste for corn plants (Zea mays L.). Jurnal Pijar Mipa, 17(6), 787–792. https://doi.org/10.29303/jpm.v17i6.4256

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Abstract

Cigarette butt waste can be used for biopesticides for environmentally friendly agricultural activities. Biopesticides cigarette can be produced by conducting a maceration extraction test using polar, non-polar, and semi-polar compounds and conducting a Mass Spectrometer Chromatography (GC-MS) test. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of bio-pesticide based on tobacco extract from cigarette butt waste for maize (Zea mays L.)". The highest yield value was the ethanol sample of 1.208%, compared to the N-hexane sample of 0.25% and the DCM sample of 0.6%. For the comparison of solvents used were 500 ml of ethanol, 250 ml of N-hexane, and 250 ml for DCM as well. After conducting the GC-MS test, the compounds obtained are alkaloid compounds, phenolic compounds, sesquiterpenoid compounds, and terpenoid compounds, each of which has benefits as a pest control or deterrent to plants. For the effectiveness test results on Corn (Zea mays L.), there was no intensity of pest attack on the ethanol sample, N-hexane sample, and DCM sample. In contrast, there was a pest attack intensity of 0.3% for the control sample. Therefore, the Biopesticides studied are similar to synthetic pesticides because they can eradicate pests and make growth effective faster.

References

Nadhiroh, S. R., Djokosujono, K., & Utari, D. M. (2020). Socioeconomic characteristics, paternal smoking and secondhand tobacco smoke exposure among infants in Jakarta, Indonesia. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 18.

Adedapo, A., Babarinsa, O., Oyagbemi, A., Adedapo, A., & Omobowale, T. (2016). Cardiotoxicity study of the aqueous extract of corn silk in rats. Macedonian Veterinary Review, 39(1), 43-49.

Neldawati, N. (2013). Analisis nilai absorbansi dalam penentuan kadar flavonoid untuk berbagai jenis daun tanaman obat. Pillar of Physics, 2(1).

Neldawati, N. (2013). Analisis nilai absorbansi dalam penentuan kadar flavonoid untuk berbagai jenis daun tanaman obat. Pillar of Physics, 2(1).

Ball, D. W. (2001). The basics of spectroscopy (Vol. 49). Spie press.

Corsini, E., Sokooti, M., Galli, C. L., Moretto, A., & Colosio, C. (2013). Pesticide induced immunotoxicity in humans: a comprehensive review of the existing evidence. Toxicology, 307, 123-135.

Kastono, D. (2005). Tanggapan pertumbuhan dan hasil kedelai hitam terhadap penggunaan pupuk organik dan biopestisida gulma siam (Chromolaena odorata). Ilmu pertanian, 12(2), 103-116.

Ariyanti, N. K., Darmayasa, I. B. G., & Sudirga, S. K. (2012). Daya hambat ekstrak kulit daun lidah buaya (Aloe barbadensis Miller) terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 dan Escherichia coli ATCC 25922. Jurnal Biologi, 16(1), 1-4.

Wink, M. (2008). Ecological roles of alkaloids. Modern alkaloids, 3-52.

Gomase, V. S., & Sherkhane, A. S. (2010). Isolation, structure elucidation and biotransformation studies on secondary metabolites from Asparagus racemosus. International Journal of Microbiology Research, 2(1), 7.

Wink, M. (2008). Ecological roles of alkaloids. Modern alkaloids, 3-52.

Zuraida, Z., Sulistiyani, S., Sajuthi, D., & Suparto, I. H. (2017). Fenol, flavonoid, dan aktivitas antioksidan pada ekstrak kulit batang pulai (Alstonia scholaris R. Br). Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan, 35(3), 211-219.

Salni, S., Marisa, H., & Mukti, R. W. (2011). Isolasi senyawa antibakteri dari daun jengkol (Pithecolobium lobatum benth) dan penentuan nilai KHM-nya. Jurnal penelitian sains, 14(1).

Rachman, I., Soesanto, Q. M. B., Khair, H., & Matsumoto, T. (2020). Participation of leaders and community in solid waste management in indonesia to reduce landfill waste load. Journal of Community Based Environmental Engineering and Management, 4(2), 75-84.

Khopkar, S. M. (1998). Basic concepts of analytical chemistry. New Age International.

Rahmat, E., Lee, J., & Kang, Y. (2021). Javanese turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.): Ethnobotany, phytochemistry, biotechnology, and pharmacological activities. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2021.

Fahmi, I. (2016). Human resource management theory and applications. Bandung: Alphabeta.

Paeru, R. H., & Trias Qurnia Dewi, S. P. (2017). Panduan Praktis Budidaya Jagung. Penebar Swadaya Grup.

Rosidi, A. (2020). The difference of Curcumin and Antioxidant activity in Curcuma xanthorrhiza at different regions. Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education & Research| Jan-Mar, 10(1), 15.

Fahmi, I. (2016). Manajemen sumber daya manusia teori dan aplikasi. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Kheawfu, K., Kaewpinta, A., Chanmahasathien, W., Rachtanapun, P., & Jantrawut, P. (2021). Extraction of nicotine from tobacco leaves and development of fast dissolving nicotine extract film. Membranes, 11(6), 403.

Author Biographies

Nurhidayah Nurhidayah, Environmental Engineering Study Program, Mataram College of Environmental Engineering

Taufik Abdullah, Program Studi Teknik Lingkungan, Sekolah Tinggi Teknik Lingkungan Mataram

Hijriati Sholehah, Environmental Engineering Study Program, Mataram College of Environmental Engineering

Fairuz Safhira, Environmental Engineering Study Program, Mataram College of Environmental Engineering

License

Copyright (c) 2022 Nurhidayah Nurhidayah, Taufik Abdullah, Hijriatin Solehah, Fairuz Safhira

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The following terms apply to authors who publish in this journal:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal first publication rights, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License (CC-BY License) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and first publication in this journal.

2. Authors may enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., posting it to an institutional repository or publishing it in a book), acknowledging its initial publication in this journal.
3. Before and during the submission process, authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website), as this can lead to productive exchanges as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.