Distribution and Diversity of Echinoderms in the Coastal Waters of South Beach of Lombok Island

Syamsul Bahri, Lalu Raftha Patech, Zulhalifah Zulhalifah, Devi Ayu Septiani, Siswadi Siswadi

Abstract

Echinoderms are benthic animals that can be found in almost all marine ecosystems but are mostly found in the intertidal coastal zone. Echinoderms play an important role as deposit feeders. This study aims to look at the distribution patterns, diversity, and habitat conditions of species in the southern coastal waters of Lombok Island, namely Kute, Awang, and Gerupuk beaches. The field survey was conducted using the quadratic transect method and free collection in October - November 2020. Based on the results of the research, a total of 11 species of echinoderms were found in Lombok Island consisting of 4 classes. Diadema setosum and Tripneusteus gratila were the most common species, whereas Synapta maculate, Holothuria leucospilota, Echinotrix diadema, Holothuria atra, and Ophiocoma scolopendrina were found in small numbers with uniform distribution (Id <1). Diadema setosum distribution pattern has the highest abundance with a clustered distribution pattern (Id> 1) in Awang and Gerupuk, and Tripneusteus gratila in Kute and Awang. The Diversity Index value is different in each habitat. The highest Shannon-Wiener Diversity Index (Hꞌ) was found in Gerupuk 2.18. The largest smoothing index is found at Awang 0.96. The largest Dominance Index (D) is found in Gerupuk 0.88. Based on the value of the Echinoderm community structure on the South Coast of Lombok Island, it shows that diversity is moderate, community uniformity is unstable, and dominance is low. information regarding the distribution and diversity of Echinoderm fauna in various types of habitats around the seagrass as a first step to anticipate the decline in the Echinoderm population in the waters of the South Coast of Lombok Island.

Keywords

Echinoderms; habitat; distribution; diversity

Full Text:

PDF

References

Akhrianti, I.D.G. (2014). Distribusi Spasial dan Preferensi Habitat Bivalvia di pesisir Perairan Kecamatan Simpang Pesak Kabupaten Belitung Timur. Jurnal Ilmu dan Kelautan Tropis. 6 (1): 171-185. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v6i1.8639

Aziz, A. (1995). Beberapa catatan mengenai fauna Ekhinodermata dari Lombok. Dalam: Pengembangan dan pemanfaatan potensi kelautan: potensi biota, teknik budidaya dan kualitas perairan. DP Praseno, WS Atmadja, I. Supangat, Ruyitno, dan BS Sudibjo (Eds). Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Oseanologi–LIPI. Jakarta, 43-50.

Aziz, A. (1988). Pengaruh Tekanan Panas Fauna Echinodermata. Oseana 13 (3): 125-132. http://oseanografi.lipi.go.id/dokumen/oseana_xiii(3)125-132.pdf

Aziz, A., & Sugiarto, H. (1994). Fauna ekhinodermata padang lamun di Pantai Lombok Selatan. Jakarta. (ID): Puslitbang LIPI P2O.

Bronstein, O. & Y. Loya, (2014). Echinoid community structure and rates of herbivory and bioerosion on exposed and sheltered reefs. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 456: 8–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2014.03.003

Budiman, C.C., Maabuat, P.V., Langoy, M.L.D., & Katili, D.Y. (2014). Keanekaragaman Echinodermata di Pantai Basaan Satu Kecamatan Ratatotok Sulawesi Utara. Jurnal Mipa Unsrat Online 3 (2): 97-101. https://doi.org/10.35799/jm.3.2.2014.5859

Claoue´, C., T. Hodges, T. Hill, W. Blyth & D. Easty, (1988). Neural spread of herpes simplex virus to the eye of the mouse: microbiological aspects and effect on the blink reflex. Eye (Basingstoke) 2: 318–323. https://doi.org/10.1038/eye.1988.60

Clark, A.M. and F. W. E. Rowe. (1971). Monograph of Shallow Water Indo-West Pacific Echinoderms. London, Trustees of British Museum: 171-210. https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10029401934/

Duffy, J. E. (2006). Biodiversity and the functioning of seagrass ecosystems. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 311, 233-250. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps311233

Firmandana, T. C. (2014). Kelimpahan Bulu Babi (Sea Urchin) Pada Ekosistem Karang Dan Lamun Di Perairan Pantai Sundak, Yogyakarta. Management of Aquatic Resources Journal, 3 (4); 41-50. https://doi.org/10.14710/marj.v3i4.7030

Hermosillo-Núñez, B. B. (2020). Contribution of echinoderms to keystone species complexes and macroscopic properties in kelp forest ecosystems (northern Chile). Hydrobiologia, 847(3), 739-756. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-019-04134-8

Hutauruk, E.L. (2009). Studi Keanekaragaman Echinodermata di Kawasan Kepulauan Rubiah Nanggro Aceh Darussalam. Skripsi. Universitas Sumatra Utara. http://repository.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/13822

Jasin, M. (1984). Sistematika hewan (invertebrata dan vertebrata). Surabaya: Sinar Wijaya), h, 159. http://library.uny.ac.id/site/opacdetail?id=18985

Keputusan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup No. 51. (2004). Baku Mutu Air Laut. Jakarta: Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup. http://www.kelair.bppt.go.id/Hukum/data/kepmen/bml/51-2004.pdf

Lina, F. Lestari dan A. Zulfikar. (2015). Struktur Komunitas Gastropoda di Ekosistem mangrove Sungai Nyirih Kecamatan Tanjung Pinang Kota Tanjung Pinang. Jurnal Elektronik. 1-15. http://jurnal.umrah.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/gravity_forms/1-ec61c9cb232a03a96d0947c6478e525e/2016/07/Jurnal-Lina.pdf

Llacuna, M.E.J., Walag, A.M. dan Elaine A. Villaluz, E.A. (2016). Diversity and dispersion patterns of echinoderms in Babanlagan, Talisayan, Misamis Oriental, Philippines. Environmental and Experimental Biology 14 (1): 213–217. http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb.14.28

Lowery, J. L., Paynter Jr, K. T., Thomas, J., & Nygard, J. (2007). The importance of habitat created by molluscan shellfish to managed species along the Atlantic Coast of the United States. Washington, DC: Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Raymond_Grizzle2/publication/285046037_The_importance_of_habitat_created_by_molluscan_shellfish_to_managed_species_along_the_Atlantic_Coast_of_the_United_States/links/569000f008aee91f69a14239.pdf

Odum, E. P. (1993). Basics of Ecology Third Edition. Samingan, T (translator). Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press. p. 631-676. ISBN 9794202843

Ortiz, M. & R. Levins, (2011). Re-stocking practices and illegal fishing in northern Chile (SE Pacific coast): a study case. Oikos 120: 1402–1412. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19041.x

Pancawati, D.K., D. Suprapto, dan P.W. Purnomo. (2014). Karakteristik Fisika Kimia Perairan Habitat Bivalvia di Sungai Wiso Jepara. Diponegoro Journal of Marques, 3(4): 141-146. https://doi.org/10.14710/marj.v3i4.7048

Patech, L. R., Syukur, A., & Santoso, D. (2020). Kelimpahan dan Keanekragaman Spesies Echinodermata sebagai Indikator Fungsi Ekologi Lamun di Perairan Pesisir Lombok Timur. Jurnal Sains Teknologi & Lingkungan, 6(1), 40-49. https://doi.org/10.29303/jstl.v6i1.148

Raghunathan. C, Venkataraman. K. (2012). Diversity of Echinoderms in Rani Jhansi. Journals of Marine National Park, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. International Day for Biodiversity. 1 (1) : 22-40. http://www.upsbdb.org/pdf/Souvenir2012/ch-4.pdf

Riniatsih, I. (2016). Distribusi jenis lamun dihubungkan dengan sebaran nutrient perairan di padang lamun Teluk Awur Jepara. Jurnal Kelautan Tropis, 19 (2): 101- 107. https://doi.org/10.14710/jkt.v19i2.824

Smith, T.M., dan Smith, R.L. (2011). Elements of Ecology 8th Edition. USA: Pearson Education. ISBN 9780321736079

Steneck, R. S., M. H. Graham, B. J. Bourque, D. Corbett, J. M. Erlandson, J. A. Estes & M. J. Tegner, (2002). Kelp forest ecosystems: biodiversity, stability, resilience and future. Environmental Conservation 29: pp. 436–459. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892902000322

Syukur, A., Al- Idrus , A., & Zulkifli , L. (2020). Ecotourism development based on the diversity of echinoderms species in seagrass beds on the South. https://doi.org/10.3923/jest.2020.57.68

Syukur, A. (2013). Pengetahuan Ekologi Masyarakat Lokal sebagai Indikator Penilaian Potensi Lamun (Seagrass) di Tanjung Luar Lombok Timur. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 13(2). http://dx.doi.org/10.29303/jbt.v13i2.153

Syukur, A. (2015). Distribusi, Keanekaragaman Jenis Lamun (Seagrass) dan Status Konservensinya di Pulau Lombok. Jurnal Biologi Tropis. 15 (2): 171-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.29303/jbt.v15i2.205

Syukur, A., & Mahrus, SA (2016). The potential assessment environment friendly aquaculture of small- scale fishermen as a conservation strategy for seagrass beds in coastal areas of Tanjung Luar East Lombok, Indonesia. ISSN: 2347-5129 (ICV-Poland) Impact Value: 5.62 (GIF) Impact Factor: 0.352 IJFAS 2016; 4(2): 22-27

Syukur, A., Wardiatno, Y., Muchsin, I., & Kamal, M. M. (2017). Threats to seagrass ecology and indicators of the importance of Seagrass ecological services in the coastal waters of East Lombok, Indonesia. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 13 (3): 251-265. DOI: 10.3844/ajessp.2017.251.265

Wulandari, N., Krisanti, M., & Elfidasari, D. (2012). Keragaman teripang asal Pulau Pramuka, Kepulauan Seribu Teluk Jakarta. Unnes Journal of Life Science, 1 (2); 133-139. http://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ Unnes J Life Sci. ISSN 2252-6277

Yusron, E. (2003). Beberapa Catatan Fauna Echinodermata di Perairan teluk Sekotong, Lombok Barat, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Prosiding Seminar Riptek Kelautan Nassional 1 (2); 41-47. http://coremap.or.id/downloads/1002.pdf

Yusron, E. dan Susetiono. (2005). Fauna Ekhinodermata dari Perairan Tanjung Merah Selat Lembeh – Sulawesi Utara. Makara Sains 9 (2); 60-65. https://doi/org/10.7454/mss.v9i2.53

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.