Pengaruh Pendekatan Konflik Kognitif Terhadap Penurunan Miskonsepsi Peserta Didik Pada Materi Usaha dan Energi

Ita Parwati, Muh. Makhrus, I Wayan Gunada

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of the cognitive conflict approach to a decrease in students’ misconceptions on business material and energy. This research is a quasi-experimental study with an “untreatsearch is a quasi-exed control group design withperimental study with pretest and posttest” design. The population in this study were all class X participants of SMAN 1 Gerung with Purposive Sampling sampling techniques.  The experimental class (X MIPA 4) was given special treatment in the form of a cognitive conflict approach, while the control class (X MIPA 5) was not given special treatment and continued to study as before. Data on decreasing misconception were measured during learning and based on tests, both data were obtained based on the initial test and final test data. Data, when learning decreases misconception, is obtained based on the percentage decrease in misconceptions that occur. Data to test hypotheses with several variabeles in this study using the IBM SPSS 23 program with a significant 5%. The results of the analysis were obtained  so that  is rejected and  is accepted, so it can be concluded that there is an influence of cognitive conflict approach to a decrease in students’ misconceptions.

Keywords

cognitive conflict approach; decreased misconception

Full Text:

PDF

References

Akinbobola, A. O. & Afolabi, F. 2010. Constructivist practices through guided discovery approach: The effect on students’ cognitive achievement in Nigerian senior secondary school physics. Eurasian Journal Physic Chemistry Education.

Adnyani, W. N,. Sadia W. I. & Natajaya N. I. 2013. Pengaruh Strategi Pembelajaran Konflik Kognitif Terhadap Penurunan Miskonsepsi Fisika Ditinjau dari Gaya Kognitif Siswa Kelas X Di SMA Negeri 1 Bebandem. Jurnal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha. 4.

Baser, M. 2006. Fostering conceptual change by cognitive conflict based instruction on students’ understanding of heat and temperature concepts. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 2(2), 96-114.

Berg, E.V.D. 1991. Miskonsepsi Fisika dan Remediasi. Salatiga : Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana (UKSW).

Hasan, S,. Bagayoka, D,.Kelley, L H. 1999. Misconception and The Certainty of Response Index (CRI). Physics Education 34(5).

Lee, G., Kwon, J., Park, S. S., Kim, J. W., Kwon, H. G., & Park, H. K. 2003. Development of an instrument for measuring cognitive conflict in secondary level science classes. Journal of research in science teaching, 40(6), 585-603.

.2001. What Do We Know about Students' Cognitive Conflict in Science Classroom: A Theoretical Model of Cognitive Conflict Process.1-19.

Loelock, E. P., & Sopan, A. 2013. Panduan Memahami Kurikulum 2013. Jakarta: PT Prestasi Pustakarya.

Makhrus, M. Nur, M., & Widodo , W. 2014. Model Perubahan Konseptual dengan Pendekatan Konflik Kognitif (MPK-PKK). Jurnal Pijar MIPA. 9(1).

Makhrus, M. Widodo , W., & Agustini R. 2018. Efektifitas Model Pembelajaran CCM-CCA untuk Memfasilitasi Perubahan Konsep Gaya pada Mahasiswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika dan Teknologi. 4(2).

Mosik., & Maulana, P. 2010. Usaha Mengurangi terjadinya miskonsepsi fisika melalui pembelajaran dengan pendekatan konflik kognitif. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia. 6 (1), 98-103.

Mustaqim, A,D., Zulfiani., & Herlanti Y. 2014. Identifikasi Miskonsepsi Siswa dengan Menggunakan Metode Certainty of Respondense Index (CRI) pada Konsep Fotosintesis dan Respirasi Tumbuhan. Jurusan Pemdidikan Biologi FITK UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, 6 (2), 146-152.

Rahmatina, I., Desella, Sutopo, & Wartono. Identifikasi Kesulitan Siswa SMA pada Materi Usaha dan Energi. Jurusan S2 Pendidikan Fisika, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, 2 (1), 8-14.

Setyowati, A., Subali, B., & Mosik. 2011. Implementasi pendekatan konflik kognitif dalam pembelajaran fisika untuk menumbuhkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa SMP kelas VIII. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 7(2),89-96.

Sukariasih, L. 2016. The Use of Cognitive Conflict Strategy to Reduce Student Misconceptions on The Subject Matter of Rictilinear Motion. International Journal of Education and Literature. 4 (7), 483-492.

Tuqalby, R., Surio, & Gunawan. 2017. Pengaruh Strategi Konflik Kognitif terhadap Penguasaan Konsep pada Materi Fluida Siswa Sman 3 Maaram Tahun Ajaran 2016/2017. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika dan Teknologi, 3(1), 8-13.

Zulkarnain, I. 2013. Perangkat Soal Berbasis Konflik Kognitif. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 1(1), 1-8.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.