Viability Analysis of the Development of STEM-Integrated Module on Alternative Energy Topics


Alfia Fitrianti , Irma Rahma Suwarma , Ida Kaniawati






Vol. 9 No. 2 (2023): July-December


Alternative Energy, Integrated Module, STEM, Viability Analysis



How to Cite

Fitrianti, A., Suwarma, I. R. ., & Kaniawati, I. . (2023). Viability Analysis of the Development of STEM-Integrated Module on Alternative Energy Topics. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Dan Teknologi, 9(2), 268–273.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


The study aims to determine the feasibility that STEM-based physics modules on alternative energy topics. The method used in this research is Research and Development with a 4D development model (Four-D Models). The validity test was conducted by two lecturers of the Master of Physics Education at the Indonesian University of Education and one physics teacher at a senior high school in Karawang. Readability test conducted by 7 students of grade x. The instruments used are material conformity instruments with STEM aspects, teaching material feasibility test instruments, and student readability sheets. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the STEM-based physics module on the topic of alternative energy developed is feasible because it obtains valid criteria in each validation category, including the component of material suitability with STEM, 0.8 is categorized as Valid. In the feasibility component of teaching materials (modules), 0.79 is categorized as Valid. In the presentation component, 0.79 is categorized as Valid. In the linguistic component, 0.8 is categorized as Valid. Meanwhile, the readability test results conducted were at a high criterion of 86.43%. Thus, the development of STEM-based physics modules on alternative energy topics is "feasible" to be widely applied.


Balka, D. (2011). Standards of Mathematical Practice and STEM, Math-Science Connector Newsletter. School Science and Mathematics Association, 6-7.

Borg, W. R., & Gall, M. D. (2003). Educational Research: An Introduction (4th Edition). London: Longman Inc.

Bybee, R. (2013). The Case for STEM Education: Challenges and Opportunity. Virginia: NSTA Press.

Cobb, J. (2003). The Relationship between Self-Regulated Learning Behaviors and Academic Performance in Web-Based Courses. Virginia: The Faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Cresswell, J. W. (2018). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Djatmiko, I. W., Waluyanti, S., Sukardi, T., & Yuswono, L. C. (2018). Profiles of Teachers’ Expertise and Professional Development in Technology and Engineering Expertise Program of Vocational Secondary Schools. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan, 24(2), 238-247. DOI:

Gufron, M. N., & Suminta, R. R. (2010). Teori-Teori Psikologi. Jogjakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media.

Harpian, H. (2023). Penerapan Pembelajaran Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics pada Materi Konduktivitas Thermal untuk Meningkatkan Literasi STEM Siswa SMA (Thesis). Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. Retrieved from

Mahadiraja, D., & Syamsuarnis, S. (2020). Pengembangan Modul Pembelajaran Berbasis Daring pada Mata Pelajaran Instalasi Penerangan Listrik Kelas XI Teknik Instalasi Tenaga Listrik T.P 2019/2020 di SMK Negeri 1 Pariaman. JTEV (Jurnal Teknik Elektro dan Vokasional), 6(1), 77-82. DOI:

National Research Council. (2012). National Science Education Standards. Washington DC: National Academy Press.

Next Generation Science Standard. (2013). Science and Engineering Practices in the NGSS. Washington: The National Academies Press.

OECD. (2013). PISA 2012: Assessment and Analytical Framework: Mathematics, Reading, Science, Problem-Solving, and Financial Literacy. Paris: OECD Publishing.

OECD. (2016). PISA 2015: Assessment and Analytical Framework: Science, Reading, Mathematics, and Financial Literacy. Paris: OECD Publishing.

Opera, J. A., & Nkasiobi, O. (2011). Instructional Technologies and School Curriculum in Nigeria: Innovations and Challenges. Perspectives of Innovations, Economics & Business, 7(1). DOI:

Rahdiyanta, D. (2016). Module Preparation Technique [Suplementary research]. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. Retrieved from

Rankin, E. F., & Culhane, J. W. (1969). Comparable Cloze and Multiple-Choice Comprehension Test Scores. Journal of Reading, 13(3), 193–198.

Santrock, J. W. (2009). Educational Psychology. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika. Retrieved from

Sinaga, E. S., Dhieni, N., & Sumadi, T. (2021). Pengaruh Lingkungan Literasi di Kelas terhadap Kemampuan Membaca Permulaan Anak. Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 6(1), 279–287. Retrieved from DOI:

Sugiyono, S. (2017). Quantitative, Qualitative, and R&D Research Methods. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suwarma, I. R., Astuti, P., & Endah, E. N. (2015). Balloon Powered Car sebagai media pembelajaran IPA berbasis STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics). Prosiding Simposium Nasional Inovasi dan Pembelajaran Sains (SNIPS). Bandung, Indonesia, 373 – 376.

Tati, T. (2017). Pengaruh Project Based Learning dengan Pendekatan STEM terhadap Literasi STEM Siswa SMP pada Pokok Bahasan Energi (Undergraduate Thesis). Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. Retrieved from

Thiagarajan, S., Semmel, D. S., & Semmel, M. I. (1974). Instructional Development for Training Teachers of Exceptional Children. Indiana: Indiana University Bloomington.

Utami, A. (2019). Developing Science Technology Engineering Mathematics (STEM)-Based Module To Enhance Student’s STEM Literacy (Thesis). Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. Retrieved from

White, D. W. (2014). What is STEM Education and why is It Important? Florida Association of Teacher Educators Journal, 1(14), 1-9. Retrieved from

Winarni, J., Zubaidah, S., & Koes, S. (2016). STEM: Apa, Mengapa, dan Bagaimana. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan IPA Pascasarjana UM, 1, 976 – 984.

Author Biographies

Alfia Fitrianti, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Master of Physics Education 

Irma Rahma Suwarma, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Master of Physics Education

Ida Kaniawati, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

STEM Education Center


Copyright (c) 2023 Alfia Fitrianti, Irma Rahma Suwarma, Ida Kaniawati

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika dan Teknologi (JPFT) agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License (CC-BY-SA License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika dan Teknologi (JPFT).
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.