Development of e-LKPD Based on STEM to Enhance Students' Critical Thinking Skills on Topic of Renewable Energy


Aulia Salsabilla , Ida Kaniawati , Winny Liliawati






Vol. 10 No. 1 (2024): January-June


e-LKPD, Critical Thinking Skills, STEM



How to Cite

Salsabilla, A., Kaniawati, I., & Liliawati, W. (2024). Development of e-LKPD Based on STEM to Enhance Students’ Critical Thinking Skills on Topic of Renewable Energy . Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Dan Teknologi, 10(1), 221–232.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


The research aims to develop e-LKPD based on STEM on renewable energy material that can facilitate students in enhancing critical thinking skills. This e-LKPD was developed by using the Research and Development (R & D) method with the ADDIE development model which consists of Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation stages. The feasibility of STEM-based e-LKPD is measured through validation involving 3 lecturers and 3 physics subject teachers. The enhancement of students' critical thinking skills was measured through data collection involving 35 grade X students. Students' response to the developed e-LKPD was measured by using a student response questionnaire. Based on the analysis results, it can be concluded that: 1) e-LKPD based on STEM is feasible to use when reviewed based on aspects of material/content, design, and language. 2) The enhancement of students' critical thinking skills obtained an N-Gain of 0.68 which means that learning using e-LKPD based on STEM can enhance students' critical thinking skills with a medium category. 3) STEM-based e-LKPDs received positive responses from students and received scores with good qualifications.


Agustina, I. (2019). Pentingnya berpikir kritis dalam pembelajaran matematika di era revolusi industri 4.0. Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 8, 1-9.

Aiken, L.R. (1985). Three Coefficients for Analyzing The Reliability and Validity of Ratings, Educational and Psychological Measurement. DOI:

Ardiansyah, R., Diella, D., & Suhendi, H. Y. (2020). Pelatihan pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran abad 21 dengan model pembelajaran project based learning berbasis STEM bagi guru IPA. Publikasi Pendidikan, 10(1), 31. DOI:

Branch, R. M. (2009). Instructional design: The ADDIE approach (Vol. 722). New York: Springer. DOI:

Daryanto, J., Rukayah, R., Sularmi, S., Budiharto, T., Atmojo, I. R. W., Ardiansyah, R., & Saputri, D. Y. (2022). Meningkatkan motivasi belajar peserta didik sekolah dasar melalui pemanfaatan media lkpd interaktif berbasis liveworksheet pada masa revolusi industri 4.0. Jurnal Pengabdian UNDIKMA, 3(2), 319-326. DOI:

Ennis, R. H. (1987). Critical thinking and the curriculum. Thinking skills instruction: Concepts and techniques, 40-48.

Fithri, S., Pada, A. U. T., Artika, W., Nurmalia¬¬¬h, C., & Hasanuddin, H. (2021). Implementasi LKPD berbasis STEM untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis peserta didik. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Science Education), 9(4), 555-564. DOI:

Hadi, S. (1991). Statistik dalam Basica Jilid 1. Penerbit Andi.

Hake, R.R. (1998). Interactive-engagement versus tradisional methods: A sixthousand-student survey of mechanics test data for introductory physics courses. American Journal of Physics. 66(1). 64-74. doi: 10.1119/1.18809. DOI:

Kholifahtus, Y. F., Agustiningsih, A., & Wardoyo, A. A. (2021). Pengembangan Lembar Kerja Peserta Didik Elektronik (E-LKPD) Berbasis Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS). EduStream: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 5(2), 143-151. DOI:

Kiswanto, R. A., Wardani, S., Sudarmin, M. S., & Nurhayati, S. (2024). Pengembangan E-LKPD Bermuatan STEM Terintegrasi Etnosains untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa pada Materi Koloid. Jurnal Kajian Penelitian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2(1), 10-23.

Margaretha, L., Pasaribu, F. T., & Ramalisa, Y. (2024). Pengembangan E-LKPD Berbasis STEM Berbantuan Video Animasi untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA. Jurnal Pendidikan Mipa, 14(1), 90-98. DOI:

Prabowo, A. (2021). Penggunaan liveworksheet dengan aplikasi berbasis web untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar peserta didik. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Teknologi Indonesia, 1(10), 383-388. DOI:

Rizkika, M., Putra, P. D. A., & Ahmad, N. (2022). Pengembangan E-LKPD Berbasis STEM pada Materi Tekanan Zat untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMP. PSEJ (Pancasakti Science Education Journal), 7(1), 41-48. DOI:

Rosmalinda, N., Syahbana, A., & Nopriyanti, T. D. (2021). Analisis kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa SMP dalam menyelesaikan soal-soal tipe PISA. Transformasi: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika dan Matematika, 5(1), 483-496. DOI:

Santoso, S. H., & Mosik, M. (2019). Kefektifan LKS berbasis STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematic) untuk melatih keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa pada pembelajaran fisika SMA. UPEJ Unnes Physics Education Journal, 8(3), 248-253.

Saputra, H. (2020). Kemampuan berfikir kritis matematis. Perpustakaan IAI Agus Salim, 2, 1-7.

Simatupang, H., Sianturi, A., & Alwardah, N. (2019). Pengembangan lkpd berbasis pendekatan science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (stem) untuk menumbuhkan keterampilanberpikir kritis siswa. Jurnal Pelita Pendidikan, 7(4). DOI:

Taufik, M., & Doyan, A. (2022). Pengembangan media pembelajaran fisika berbasis google sites untuk meningkatkan kemampuan penguasaan konsep dan berpikir kritis peserta didik SMA. Jurnal Ilmiah Profesi Pendidikan, 7(3), 1167-1173 DOI:

Tarlokson, T. (2014). Innovate a blueprint for STEM education-science (CA Dept of Education). Californians Dedicated to Education Foundation, 1-49.

Wahyudi, M., Suwatno, S., & Santoso, B. (2020). Kajian analisis keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa sekolah menengah atas. Jurnal Pendidikan Manajemen Perkantoran, 5(1), 67-82. DOI:

Wijayanti, R., & Siswanto, J. (2020). Profil Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA pada Materi Sumber-sumber Energi. Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Fisika, 11(1), 109-113. DOI:

Author Biographies

Aulia Salsabilla, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Ida Kaniawati, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

physics Education Study Program


Copyright (c) 2024 Aulia Salsabilla, Ida Kaniawati, Winny Liliawati

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika dan Teknologi (JPFT) agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License (CC-BY-SA License). This license allows authors to use all articles, data sets, graphics, and appendices in data mining applications, search engines, web sites, blogs, and other platforms by providing an appropriate reference. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika dan Teknologi (JPFT).
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.